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Key Thinkers in Psychology

Key Thinkers in Psychology

Rom Harre


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Book Details


This is the first major textbook to offer a truly comprehensive review of cognitive science in its fullest sense. Ranging from artificial intelligence models of neural processes and cognitive psychology to recent discursive and cultural theories, Rom Harré offers an original yet accessible integration of the field. At its core, this textbook addresses the question 'How can psychology become a science?'. The answer is based on a clear account of method and explanation in the natural sciences and how they can be adapted to psychological research. Rom Harré has used his experience of both the natural and the human sciences to create a text on which exciting and insightful courses can be built in many ways. The text is based on the idea that underlying the long history of attempts to create a scientific psychology there are many unexamined presuppositions that must be brought to light. Whether describing language, categorization, memory, the brain or connectionism the book always links our intuitions about how we think, feel and act in the contexts of everyday life to the latest accounts of the neural tools with which we accomplish the cognitive tasks demanded of us. Computational and biological models are used to link the discursive analysis of everyday cognition to the necessary activities of the brain and nervous system. Fluently written and well structured, this is an ideal text for students who want to gain a comprehensive view of the current state of the art with its seeming divergence into studies of meanings and studies of neurology. The book is divided into four basic modules, with suggestions for three lectures in each. The plan is related to the overall pattern of the semester programme. The reader is guided with helpful learning points, sections of study questions for review, and key readings for each chapter. Cognitive Science: A Philosophical Introduction, with its remarkable sweep of themes, past and present, truly introduces 'the science of the mind' for a new generation of psychology students.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
* Forward;
* Introduction;
1. Starting research: some basic issues;
* Identifying a research need;
* The level of participation;
* Expectations aroused by research;
* Constraints on conducting research;
* Government attitudes;
* Conflicts and emergencies;
* Cultural factors: gender relations and power structures;
* Resources;
2. Strategic issues in planning and sound research;
* The unit of analysis;
* Questions of time;
* The research timetable;
* Continuous research or a snapshot?;
* Objectivity; subjectivity and the control of bias;
* Representative results;
* Some pitfalls to be avoided;
* Choosing the researchers;
* Local participation and experts;
* Training the field team;
* Styles of research;
3. The range of research methods;
* Making the most of existing resources;
* Asking questions and interviewing;
* Group interviews;
* Oral testimonies oral histories and life-histories;
* Surveys;
* Sampling;
* The pros and cons of a survey;
* Participant observation;
* Rapid rural appraisal;
* The variety of RRA techniques;
* Collating and presenting RRA findings;
* Limitations of RRA;
* An example of RRA;
* Participatory Rural Appraisal;
4. General issues affecting most research methods;
* The use of appropriate indicators;
* Validation;
* After research: some crucial questions;
* Bibliography;
* Appendix 1 Checking for questions;
* Appendix 2 Questionnaire design;
* Appendix 3 Some high-tech; high cost research methods;
* Appendix 4 Logical Framework Analysis;
* Appendix 5 Women and evaluation;
* Appendix 6 Action Research Programme: the methods and approach;
* Index