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Islamic Bioethics: Current Issues And Challenges

Islamic Bioethics: Current Issues And Challenges

Bagheri Alireza | Al-ali Khalid Abdulla


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Book Details

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Contents v
Contributors vii
Preface xi
Chapter One Islamic Ethics: Sources, Methodology\rand Application 1
Introduction 2
The Structure of Ethical Notions 6
Typology of Sciences 8
Law and Jurisprudence (Fiqh) and the Sources 10
Legal Tools and Ethics 11
Fiqh and Sharî’a 12
Applied Ethics 14
Conclusion 18
Notes 19
References 20
Chapter Two Islamic Bioethics: Infrastructure and Capacity\rBuilding 23
Introduction: Religious-Based Bioethics 23
Juridical Support to Deal with Newly-Emerging Issues 25
Islamic Bioethics: Infrastructure and Institutions 26
Capacity Building in Islamic Bioethics 29
Conclusion 30
References 31
Chapter Three What Islamic Bioethics Offers to Global Bioethics 33
Introduction 33
Bioethics and Religion 35
Existing collaboration between Islamic jurists,\rphysicians and scientists 36
Flexibility of Islamic bioethics 36
The complexity of the relation between ethics, law and fiqh 36
The Global Significance of Islamic Bioethics 37
Alastair Campbell 37
Religion and ethics 38
Faith, law and ethics 39
Global significance 39
Global Significance of Islamic Bioethics: A Roman\rCatholic Perspective 40
Carol Taylor 40
Islamic Bioethics and What It Brings to Global Bioethics 44
James Rusthoven 44
Global Significance of Islamic Bioethics: A Jewish\rPerspective 47
Jonathan Crane 47
What Islamic Bioethics Can Offer to Global Bioethics 49
Abdallah Daar 49
References 54
Chapter Four Gender and Sexuality in Islamic Bioethics 57
Gender and Authority in Islamic Bioethics 57
Beyond Fiqh in Islamic Bioethics 64
What “The Sleeping Child” Tells Us About the Priorities\rand Values of Islamic Ethics 66
Shifting Notions of Nasab and Its Importance\rfor Discussions about Fertility 72
Sexuality and Gender Identity 76
Conclusion 79
Notes 80
References 81
Chapter Five The Physician-Patient Relationship in an Islamic Context 85
Introduction 85
The Physician’s Responsibilities in Islam 87
The Role of Family in Islamic Societies 90
Communication and Informed Consent 91
Cross-Gender Considerations in the Physician–Patient\rRelationship 94
Confidentiality in Physician–Patient Relationships 97
Disclosure and Breaking Bad News in Physician–Patient\rRelationships 100
Conclusion 102
References 103
Chapter Six Islamic Perspective on Brain Death and Organ Transplantation 107
Introduction 108
Brain Death 110
Insights on the Moment of Death 113
Retrieving Organs from Brain Dead Patients 115
Deliberations of Muslim Scholars Against Organ\rTransplantation 116
Justifications for Organ Transplantation 119
The Prohibition of Sale of Organs in Islam 121
Procurement of Organs from Non-Muslims 122
Islamic Juridical Resolutions on Organ Transplantation 122
Inclusion of Organ Transplantation in a Will 124
Conclusion 127
References 128
Chapter Seven An Ethical Account of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in the Islamic World 133
Introduction 133
The Islamic Concept of “Human Beings” and Health 134
The Moral Status of the Embryo 135
Ethical Assessment of Embryonic Stem Cell Research 138
Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Selected\rMuslim Countries 140
Debates on Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Some\rReflections 149
Moral assessment of the utility of stem cell research 150
Moral assessment of embryo’s ensoulment 150
Normative implications of ensoulment 151
Plurality of opinions and the limits of casuistic arguments 152
Perceptions of modern science and technology 153
Just allocation of medical resources 153
Conclusions 154
References 155
Chapter Eight Environmental Ethics in Islam 161
Introduction: Status of Environment in Islam 162
Islamic Worldview on the Environment 163
Worldviews on the Environment 166
Man-centered worldview 166
Life-centered worldview: working with the planet 167
Islamic Principles of Environmental Ethics 168
Unity (tawhid) 169
Vicegerency (khalifah) 170
Servanthood (ubudiyyah) 171
Balance (mizan) 172
Nature (fitrah) 172
Trust and human accountability (amanah) 173
Islamic Measures and Recommendations\rto Protect the Environment 175
Protection of animals and plants 175
Saving land, water and air 176
Protection of other natural resources 177
Islam and Environment: Going Green through Religion 177
Conclusion 179
Notes 180
References 180
Chapter Nine Animal Rights in Islam: The Use of Animals for Medical Research 183
Introduction 184
The Status of Animals in Islamic Context 184
Animal Rights in Islam 185
Limitations in Using Animals 189
Using Animals in Research: National Ethical Guidelines\rin Islamic Countries 190
Conclusion 192
References 193
Chapter Ten Biomedical Research Ethics in the Islamic Context: Reflections on and Challenges\rfor Islamic Bioethics 197
Introduction 198
Why study the role of Islam on biomedical research ethics? 198
An Overview of Biomedical Research Ethics 200
Biomedical Research Ethics: An Omission\rWithin Islamic Bioethics 202
A focus on autonomy and the “four principles” within Islamic bioethics 203
Biomedical Research Ethics in the Islamic Context:\rThe Status and Role of Female Participants 206
The role and status of female participants in research: What we learn from empirical data 207
The concepts of wilayah and qiwamah in the context\rof research 211
Challenges in Research on Intimate and Domestic Partner\rViolence 215
Conclusions 221
Notes 222
References 223
Chapter Eleven Challenges in Islamic Bioethics 229
Introduction 229
Islamic Bioethics: Concept and Methodology 231
Challenges in Islamic Bioethics 232
The relationship between ethics, law, and fatwa 232
The issue of principlism in Islamic bioethics 233
Diversity among Islamic jurisprudence 234
Bioethics teaching and curricula in medical schools 235
The lack of public awareness and participation 236
Multiculturalism and global awareness\rabout Islamic bioethics 237
Misunderstandings about some Islamic traditions and rules 238
Human rights in Islamic bioethics 239
Conclusion 240
References 240
Index 243
About the Editors 251