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Edexcel GCSE (9-1) History The USA, 1954Ð1975: conflict at home and abroad Student Book

Edexcel GCSE (9-1) History The USA, 1954Ð1975: conflict at home and abroad Student Book

Margaret Hudson


Additional Information

Book Details


Exam Board: Edexcel

Level: GCSE

Subject: History

First teaching: September 2016

First exams: Summer 2018


Series Editor: Angela Leonard

This Student Book:

  • covers the essential content in the new specification in an engaging way, using detailed narrative, sources, timelines, key words, helpful activities and extension material
  • uses the 'Thinking Historically' approach and activities to help develop conceptual understanding of areas such as evidence, interpretations, causation and change, through targeted activities
  • has 'Writing Historically' features that focus on the writing skills most important to historical success. This literacy support uses the proven Grammar for Writing approach used in many English departments
  • includes lots of exam guidance, with practice questions, sources, sample answers and tips to support preparation for GCSE assessments. 

* These resources have not yet been endorsed. This information is correct as of 31st July 2015, but may be subject to change. You do not have to purchase any resources to deliver our qualification.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Cover Cover
Contents 3
Timeline 6
Chapter 1: The development of the civil rights movement, 1954-60 8
1.1: Black Americans in the early 1950s 9
Segregation and discrimination 9
Civil rights organisations 15
Opposition: the Ku Klux Klan and southern racists 19
1.2: Progress in education 22
Key features of the Brown v. Topeka case 23
The significance of events at Little Rock High School 26
1.3: The Montgomery Bus Boycott and its impact, 1955-60 31
The causes of the boycott 32
The events of the boycott 34
Reasons for the success of the boycott 35
The significance of Martin Luther King 37
Importance of the boycott 38
After the boycott 39
The 1957 Civil Rights Act 39
The Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) 40
Recap page 41
Writing Historically 42
Chapter 2: Protest, progress and radicalism, 1960-75 44
2.1: Progress, 1960-62 45
The Greensboro sit-in 45
The Freedom Riders 48
The James Meredith case, 1962 49
2.2: Peaceful protests and their impact, 1963-65 52
The campaign in Birmingham, Alabama 52
The March on Washington, 28 August 1963 55
Freedom Summer, 1964 56
Selma 57
2.3: Malcolm X and Black Power, 1963-70 62
Malcolm X 62
Black Power 64
The Black Panthers 67
2.4: The civil rights movement, 1965-75 70
King’s campaign in the North 72
The Assassination of Martin Luther King 74
Recap page 78
Chapter 3: US involvement in the Vietnam War, 1954-75 79
3.1: US involvement in Vietnam, 1954-63 80
The end of French rule in Vietnam 80
Greater involvement under Eisenhower 83
Greater involvement under Kennedy 86
3.2: Escalation under Johnson 90
The Gulf of Tonkin incident, 1964 91
3.3: The nature of the conflict, 1964-68 96
Vietcong guerrilla tactics 96
US tactics 98
The Tet Offensive, 1968 104
3.4: Changes under Nixon, 1969-73 107
The Nixon Doctrine 107
Vietnamisation 108
Nixon expands the war 110
Recap page 115
Writing Historically 116
Chapter 4: Reactions to US involvement in the Vietnam War, 1964-75 118
4.1: Opposition to the war 119
Initial reactions to the war 119
Reasons for growing opposition to the war 120
The media 123
The My Lai Massacre, 1968 124
The Kent State shootings 126
Political opposition 127
4.2: Support for the war 131
Fear of communism 131
Patriots and ‘hard hats’ 133
The ‘silent majority’ 135
4.3: The war ends 138
Negotiations up to 1972 138
The Paris Peace Accords 140
The cost of the war for the USA 141
4.4: Why did the USA fail in Vietnam? 144
The strengths of North Vietnam 145
Recap page 151
Explaining why historians’ interpretations differ 152
Historians focus on difference things 152
Historians reach different conclusions from the evidence 153
The USA, 1954-1975: conflict at home and abroad: Preparing for your exam 154
Answers 165
Index 166