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Edexcel A Level History, Paper 3: Lancastrians, Yorkists and Henry VII 1399-1509 Student Book

Edexcel A Level History, Paper 3: Lancastrians, Yorkists and Henry VII 1399-1509 Student Book

Helen Carrel


Additional Information

Book Details


This book:

  • covers the essential content in the new specifications in a rigorous and engaging way, using detailed narrative, sources, timelines, key words, helpful activities and extension material
  • helps develop conceptual understanding of areas such as evidence, interpretations, causation and change, through targeted activities
  • provides assessment support for A level with sample answers, sources, practice questions and guidance to help you tackle the new-style exam questions.

It also comes with three years' access to ActiveBook, an online, digital version of your textbook to help you personalise your learning as you go through the course - perfect for revision.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Cover\r Cover
Contents 3
How to use this book 4
Introduction: A Level History\r 6
Introduction: Lancastrians, Yorkists and Henry VII, 1399–1509\r 8
Aspects in breadth: ‘The Divinity which doth hedge a King': changes in royal authority, 1399–1509 \r 10
3.1 Changing relationships between crown and the nobility: 'over-mighty subjects'\r 10
Introduction\r 10
Were major Landholders more Important as Props to the Crown or as Potential Rivals?\r 10
Lands and offices of the state\r 12
Church patronage\r 13
'Over-mighty subjects' and 'undermighty monarchs': noblemen as necessary props to the crown but also potential rivals\r 16
Crushing conspiracy by force: examples for the reigns of Henry V and Henry VII\r 16
How Significant was Retaining to Political Stability?\r 20
Livery, maintenance and bastard feudalism\r 20
Statutes against retaining in 1468 and 1504\r 22
How well did the Crown Cope with the Challenges of local Disorder?\r 23
The Neville–Percy dispute in the North\r 23
Local disorder in the reign of Henry VI: the Bonville–Courtenay dispute in the South West, 1451–61\r 25
Being a member of the gentry during the Wars of the Roses: the experience of the Paston family\r 26
The readeption of Henry VI in 1470 and the return of Edward IV in 1471\r 28
Increased control of the localities in the 1470s\r 32
Conclusion\r 33
3.2 Changes in the sinews of power\r 36
Introduction\r 36
How Significant was Royal Income for the Successful Expression of Political Power in late Medieval England?\r 36
Routine expenditure\r 38
Exceptional expenditure\r 38
Income\r 38
Land\r 38
Custom duties\r 42
Feudal rights\r 43
Profits of justice\r 45
Taxation\r 45
The role of the Exchequer and the Chamber\r 46
Did Parliament act as a Prop or a Curb to Royal Power?\r 49
Parliamentary representation and local relations with the crown\r 49
The parliament of 1406\r 52
Henry V's relationship with parliament\r 53
Comparing Henry VI and Edward IV's relationships with parliament\r 54
Was War or Diplomacy of the Greatest Benefit to the English Crown in the Period 1399–1509?\r 55
Henry V, Henry VI and the Hundred Years War\r 55
The significance of English losses in France in the Hundred Years War\r 56
Foreign diplomacy and the Treaty of Picquigny, 1475\r 58
The Spanish Marriage, 1499\r 60
Conclusion\r 62
Aspects in depth: Kings challenged and kings triumphant\r 64
3.3 The crises of 1399–1405\r 64
Introduction\r 64
To What Extent was Richard II Responsible for the Crisis of 1399?\r 64
The reasons for Bolingbroke's seizure of the throne from Richard II\r 64
Richard II and the problems of the royal succession\r 69
Why was Bolingbroke able to seize power in 1399?\r 75
How Significant was Bolingbroke's Usurpation of the Throne in relation to the Problems of his Early Reign?\r 76
Henry IV and the problems arising from his behaviour in 1399\r 76
The first stirrings of revolt and the death of Richard in 1400\r 79
To What Extent was the Lancastrian Monarchy Secure by 1405?\r 80
The challenges from the Percies and Owain Glyndwr\r 80
The influence of relations with Scotland and France\r 83
How did Henry IV survive the threats to his regime?\r 85
Conclusion\r 85
3.4 Henry V and the conquest of France, 1413–21\r 88
Introduction\r 88
What was the Significance of Renewing War with France and the Campaign of 1415?\r 88
The significance of renewing the war with France\r 88
The campaign of 1415\r 91
How Important was the Challenge from Lollardy and the Royal Response to Heresy?\r 96
Lollardy and Lollards\r 96
The royal response to heresy\r 99
Why was Henry V so Successful in his Foreign Policy and what were the Consequences of this Success?\r 102
The importance of the Burgundian Alliance of 1419\r 102
The significance of the conquest of Normandy and the Treaty of Troyes, 1417–20\r 105
The impact and cost of success\r 105
3.5 Renewed crises and challenges, c1449–61\r 110
Introduction\r 110
To what Extent did key Personalities of Henry VI's Reign Affect the Governance of England from 1449 to 1461?\r 110
The personality of Henry VI\r 110
The personality and influence of Margaret of Anjou\r 113
The impact of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou on the governance of England, 1449–61\r 114
The duke of Suffolk's downfall in 1450\r 118
Why did a Rebellion Occur in England in 1450 and What was its Significance?\r 119
The reasons for Cade's rebellion\r 119
The events of Cade’s rebellion\r 120
Grievances of the rebels\r 121
Aftermath of the rebellion\r 123
The significance of Cade's rebellion\r 123
Which Leading Member of the Yorkist Faction was the Most Responsible for Henry VI's Downfall?\r 124
The importance of the duke of York's First Protectorate\r 124
York's growing ambitions, 1454–60\r 125
The reasons for the triumph of Edward IV in 1461: the Battle of Towton, March 1461\r 128
The importance of the earl of Warwick\r 130
3.6 The Yorkists divided, 1478–85\r 132
Introduction\r 132
How Significant were Tensions in the Yorkist Camp in the late 1470s and Early 1480s?\r 133
Edward IV and the breach with the earl of Warwick\r 133
Royal patronage and the quarrel of Clarence and Gloucester\r 136
The reasons for the attainder and murder of George, duke of Clarence in 1478\r 137
The impact of Edward's early death in 1483\r 139
How Effective was Richard III as a Monarch?\r 141
The significance of Richard’s seizure of the throne in 1483\r 141
The disappearance of the princes in the Tower\r 142
The duke of Buckingham's rebellion\r 146
Edward IV and Richard III compared\r 146
Which Factors were most Important in Supporting Henry Tudor's Seizure of Power in 1485?\r 150
Henry Tudor and reasons for his success at the Battle of Bosworth: foreign aid and the role of the Stanleys\r 150
Conclusion\r 152
3.7 Henry VII: seizing the throne and trying to keep it, 1485–97\r 154
Introduction\r 154
How Successful were the Methods Henry VII used to secure his hold on the Throne?\r 155
Claiming the throne and the significance of the marriage to Elizabeth of York\r 155
Living in fear and striving for security: the use of spies and bonds\r 158
Who Challenged Henry VII and how Significant was this Opposition?\r 162
Lovell's rebellion, 1486\r 162
The conspiracy of Lambert Simnel and the earl of Lincoln\r 162
The conspiracy of Perkin Warbeck and Sir William Stanley\r 164
The importance of Margaret of Burgundy\r 167
How Serious were the Tax Rebellions of 1489 and 1497?\r 169
The Yorkshire rebellion of 1489: causes, events and impact\r 169
The Cornish rebellion of 1497: causes, events and impact\r 169
Conclusion\r 172
Preparing for your A Level Paper 3 exam\r 175
Index\r 188
Acknowledgements\r 190