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Beyond Colonialism, Development and Globalization

Beyond Colonialism, Development and Globalization

Dominique Caouette | Dip Kapoor


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Development studies is in a state of flux. A new generation of scholars has come to reject what was once regarded as accepted wisdom, and increasingly regard development and globalization as part of a continuum with colonialism, premised on the same reductionist assumption that progress and growth are objective facts that can be fostered, measured, assessed and controlled. Drawing on a variety of theoretical perspectives and approaches, this book explores the ways in which social movements in the Global South are rejecting Western-centric notions of development and modernization, as well as creating their own alternatives.

By assessing development theories from the perspective of subaltern groups and movements, the contributors posit a new notion of development ‘from below’, one in which these movements provide new ways of imagining social transformation, and a way out of the ‘developmental dead end’ that has so far characterized post-development approaches. Beyond Colonialism, Development and Globalization therefore represents a radical break with the prevailing narrative of modernization, and points to a bold new direction for development studies.

'This is an important book that tackles multiple issues around the meaning and nature of development.'
Gender and Development

'A moving and inspiring book which demands to be read.’
Jim Crowther, University of Edinburgh

‘Offers a significant new perspective on the generation of alternative knowledges in local encounters of global processes.’
Philip McMichael, Cornell University

‘Centres Indigenous critiques to inject new urgency into debates over development and globalization, as resurgent social movements question modernity itself.’
Clare Land, author of Decolonizing Solidarity

‘This excellent volume discusses and debunks dominant discourses of "development" from a southern, subaltern and decolonising perspective. This is a much needed book – emancipatory in conception, grassroots-oriented, inspiring and revealing!'
Peter Mayo, author of Politics of Indignation

Dominique Caouette is an associate professor with the Department of Political Science and director of the East Asian Studies Centre at Université de Montréal, Canada. Before joining the university, he worked for five years with Inter Pares, a global social justice organization, where he was part of the Asia Team.

Dip Kapoor is a professor of international education at the University of Alberta, Canada, and research associate at the Centre for Research and Development Solidarity (CRDS), an Adivasi-Dalit rural organization in India. His previous books include NGOization: Complicity, Contradictions and Prospects (Zed Books 2013).

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Front Cover Front cover
About the Editors i
Title Page iii
Copyright iv
Dedication v
Contents vii
Acknowledgements xi
1 Beyond Colonialism,\r\nDevelopment and\r\nGlobalization 1
Introduction 1
Beyond development and globalization: constructivism, post-development, postcolonial and subaltern studies and indigenous perspectives 5
The book: beyond development and globalization 12
References 19
Part I: Indigenous and Peasant Movement Perspectives 25
2 Subaltern Social Movements and Development in India 27
Introduction 27
Accelerated development and subaltern displacement, dispossession and assertions in India 29
Lok Adhikar Manch (LAM), Orissa and SSM post-mortems of development 36
SSM articulations and the prospects for radical political praxis 41
Concluding reflections 43
Note 45
References 45
3 Democratic Hopes,\r\nNeoliberal Transnational\r\nGovernment(re)ality 49
Introduction 49
Topographic power and transnational governmentality in Africa 50
Grounding the discussion: defending the salt flats of Songor 53
Being held in trust: a constitution for the people? 57
Notes 65
References 65
4 Indigenous Movement\r\nPolitics in Bolivia 67
Introduction 67
Contemporary Bolivia 69
Explaining the rise of the indigenous movement 73
Decolonization 78
Building a plurinational state 81
Conclusion 83
Notes 83
References 83
Part II Acting across Borders 85
5 What Are Peasants Saying\r\nabout Development? 87
Introduction 87
The cultural politics of radical social movements 89
Building unity within diversity 90
Food sovereignty: ‘feeding the world and cooling the planet’ 95
Conclusion 98
Notes 100
References 101
6 Debunking the Productivist\r\nMyth 106
Introduction 106
Productivism 107
Global assault on farmers 111
Pushing back: food sovereignty 114
Sustainable Uruguay 117
Conclusion 119
Notes 120
References 120
7 Neoliberal Immigration and\r\nTemporary Foreign Worker\r\nProgrammes in a Time of\r\nEconomic Crisis 124
Introduction 124
Neoliberal immigration management 128
Canada’s brand of global capitalism pushing people to migrate 130
Free trade, unfree labour 133
Resistance through crisis: local and global 136
Conclusion 139
References 141
8 Working for a Day Off 145
Introduction 145
Fighting for a day off 147
Links in different national contexts 151
Efficacy of transnational activism 155
Conclusion 158
Notes 160
References 161
9 The Alter-globalization\r\nMovement: A New\r\nHumanism? 165
Introduction 165
Basic conception of humanism 167
The WSF as a humanist movement: key features 169
The rigidity and contradictions in defining the actual role of an ‘open space’ 175
The question of a political strategy 176
The resources problem 178
Conclusions 180
Notes 181
References 182
Part III Reflections on Critical\r\nKnowledge, Culture and\r\nPedagogy 185
10 Liberating Development\r\nfrom the Rule of an\r\nEpisteme 187
Introduction 187
Ruling culture 190
Counting the productivity of cultural work 194
Conclusion 201
Notes 202
References 203
11 Neoliberal Globalization as Settler Colonialism the Remix 205
Introduction 205
Mapping the neoliberal order 207
Indigenizing Harvey 209
Transformations: Red Pedagogies of self-determination 214
Notes 220
References 221
12 Globalization, Culture and\r\nDevelopment 223
Introduction 223
Conceptualizing and theorizing globalization: select pointers 225
Colonialism and the problematic globalizing and de-culturing of Africa 229
Globalization as counter-culture/development 233
Conclusion 238
References 239
13 Learning, Knowledge and Action in Social Movements 242
Introduction 242
Meaning in movements 246
Dilemmas of making theory into practice and bringing practice to bear on theory 249
Open space as a construct of collective praxis 250
An aspirational universe 255
Notes 256
References 257
14 Conclusion 259
Introduction 259
Critiques of domination in the continuum colonization–development–globalization 260
Subalterity, local culture and rootedness 262
Collective identity, trans-local movements and scale of action 263
State, governmentality and citizenship 266
Knowledge, pedagogy and academia 267
An opening as synthesis 270
References 271
About the contributors 273
Index 278
Back Cover Back cover