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Gender, Violence and Security

Gender, Violence and Security

Laura Shepherd


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How do understandings of the relationships between gender, violence, security and the international inform policy and practice in which these notions are central? What are the practical implications of basing policy on problematic discourses? In this highly original poststructural feminist critique, the author maps the discursive terrains of institutions, both NGOs and the UN, which formulate and implement resolutions and guides of practice that affect gender issues in the context of international policy practices. The author investigates UN Security Council Resolution 1325, passed in 2000 to address gender issues in conflict areas, in order to examine the discursive construction of security policy that takes gender seriously. In doing so, she argues that language is not merely descriptive of social/political reality but rather constitutive of it. Moving from concept to discourse, and in turn to practice, the author analyses the ways in which the resolution's discursive construction had an enormous influence over the practicalities of its implementation, and how the resulting tensions and inconsistencies in its construction contributed to its failures. The book argues for a re-conceptualisation of gendered violence in conjunction with security, in order to avoid partial and highly problematic understandings of their practical relationship. Drawing together theoretical work on discourses of gender violence and international security, sexualised violence in war, gender and peace processes, and the domestic-international dichotomy with her own rigorous empirical investigation, the author develops a compelling discourse-theoretical analysis that promises to have far-reaching impact in both academic and policy environments.
Laura J. Shepherd is Lecturer in International Relations and International Law in the Department of Political Science and International Studies, University of Birmingham. She has published on gender/ed violence and security in Millennium: Journal of International Studies (2005) and British Journal of Politics and International Relations (2007).
'This is an excellent example of contemporary feminist poststructural research. It offers a sophisticated, perceptive and persuasive analysis of the discursive constitution of gender/violence. Written with exquisite clarity, it will be of great use in both teaching and research as well as to the policy community.' Marysia Zalewski, University of Aberdeen 'Laura Shepherd shows us here how we can bring the burgeoning scholarships on violence against women and on human security into conversation with each other in a way that makes us smarter about each - and about the intricate trickily gendered political processes of the UN too. Quite a feat.' Cynthia Enloe, Clark University 'In this book, we are invited to ‘think differently’ about gender, violence, security and the international, and a space is made for imagining, and so acting, otherwise ... it is a model of clarity, intellectual rigour, and empathetic engagement.' Jindy Pettman, Gender, The Australian National University

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Contents\r v
Acknowledgements\r vi
Abbreviations\r vii
1 | Introduction\r 1
Contributions of a feminist poststructuralist\r 3
Introducing 1325\r 5
Aims\r 9
Outline of this study\r 11
Endings and beginnings\r 14
2 | Analytical strategies\r 16
On discourse\r 20
On power\r 22
On representation\r 24
Analytical strategies\r 26
3 | The state of the discipline(s)\r 34
(Gender) violence\r 35
(International) security\r 54
4 | The Secretary-General's reports\r 79
About the report: reporting on UNSCR 1325 80
Analysing the report: problematizing the Secretary-General's report 86
Challenging the reports: the implementation of UNSCR 1325\r 105
5 | United\rNations Security Council Resolution 1325 107
About UNSCR 1325\r 108
Understanding UNSCR 1325: a descriptive reading\r 111
Problematizing UNSCR 1325: a discourse-theoretical reading\r 114
Challenging UNSCR 1325: conclusions\r 130
6 | Exploring the narratives of production of UNSCR 1325\r 133
Contextualizing the NGO WG on women, peace and security\r 135
Analysing the NGO WG on women, peace and security\r 139
Contextualizing the United Nations Security Council\r 145
Analysing the United Nations Security Council \r 149
Challenging the narratives of production: conclusions\r 154
7 | Conclusions\r 160
'How does a policy mean?'\r 161
The violent reproduction of the international\r 165
The violent reproduction of gender\r 168
Towards a feminist reconceptualization of (international) security and (gender) violence\r 172
Notes\r 175
References\r 184
Index\r 210