## Workbook for Radiologic Science for Technologists - E-Book

(2016)

### Abstract

Sharpen your radiographic skills and reinforce what you've learned in Bushongâ€™s Radiologic Science for Technologists, 11th Edition. Corresponding to the chapters in the textbook, this workbook utilizes worksheets, crossword puzzles and math exercises to help you master the information in your reading. Plus, a math tutor section helps you brush up on your math skills. By using this workbook youâ€™ll gain the scientific understanding and practical experience needed to become an informed, confident radiographer.

• Comprehensive and in-depth coverage lets users review and apply all of the major concepts in the text.
• Over 100 worksheets make it easy to review specific topics, and are numbered according to textbook chapter.
• Penguin boxes summarize relevant information from the textbook, making it easier to review major concepts and do worksheet exercises.
• Math Tutor worksheets provide a great refresher or extra practice with decimal and fractional timers, fraction/decimal conversion, solving for desired mAs, and technique adjustments.
• NEW! Chapters on radiography/fluoroscopy patient radiation dose and computed tomography patient radiation dose provide up-to-date information on the challenges of digital imaging that will be encountered in the clinical setting.
• NEW! Closer correlation to the textbook simplifies review.
• NEW! Worksheets on radiography/fluoroscopy patient radiation dose and computed tomography patient radiation dose offer an excellent review of the new textbook chapters.

Section Title Page Action Price
Front Cover Cover
Front matter i
Workbook for radiologic science for technologists i
Preface iii
Worksheet 1-1 Nature of our surroundings matter and energy sources of ionizing radiation 1
Mass is the quantity of matter described by its energy equivalence. 1
Energy is the ability to do work. 1
Radiation is the transfer of energy. 1
Exercises 1
Worksheet 1-2 discovery of x-rays development of medical imaging 3
Exercises 3
Worksheet 1-3 reports of radiation injury basic radiation protection the medical imaging team 5
Exercises 5
Worksheet 1-4 standard units of measurement 7
Exercises 7
Worksheet 1-5 newtonâ€™s laws 7
Exercises 9
Worksheet 1-6 mechanics 11
Work 11
Energy 11
Power 11
Exercises 11
Worksheet 1-7 numeric prefixes 13
Exercises 13
Worksheet 1-8 radiologic units 15
Exercises 15
Worksheet 2-1 Centuries of discovery 17
The periodic table 17
Exercises 17
Worksheet 2-2 fundamental particles atomic structure 19
Exercises 19
Worksheet 2-3 atomic nomenclature combinations of atoms 21
Exercises 21
Worksheet 2-4 radioactivity 23
Exercises 23
Worksheet 2-5 types of ionizing radiation 25
Exercises 25
Worksheet 3-1 Photons 27
Exercises 27
Worksheet 3-2 electromagnetic spectrum 29
Exercises 29
Worksheet 3-3 wave-particle duality 31
Exercises 31
Worksheet 3-4 inverse square law 33
Exercises 33
Worksheet 3-5 x-ray photons 35
Exercises 35
Worksheet 3-6 matter and energy 37
Exercises 37
Worksheet 4-1 Electrostatics 39
Exercises 39
Worksheet 4-2 electrodynamics 41
Ohmâ€™s law 41
Series circuits 41
Parallel circuits 41
Exercises 41
Worksheet 4-3 alternating and direct currents 45
Exercises 45
Worksheet 4-4 magnetism 47
Exercises 47
Worksheet 4-5 electromagnetic effect electromagnetic induction 49
Exercises 49
Worksheet 4-6 electromagnetic devices 51
Exercises 51
Worksheet 4-7 the transformer 53
Exercises 53
Worksheet 5-1 Operating console control of kilovolt peak (kvp) 55
Exercises 55
Worksheet 5-2 operating console control of milliamperage (ma) 57
Exercises 57
Worksheet 5-3 operating console exposure timers 59
Exercises 59
Worksheet 5-4 high-voltage generator high-voltage generation 61
Exercises 62
Worksheet 5-5 high-voltage generator rectification 63
Exercises 63
Worksheet 6-1 Internal components the x-ray tube cathode 65
Exercises 65
Worksheet 6-2 internal components the x-ray tube anode 67
Exercises 67
Worksheet 6-3 x-ray tube failure x-ray tube rating charts 69
Exercises 69
Worksheet 7-1 Electron-target interactions characteristic radiation 73
Exercises 73
Worksheet 7-2 electron-target interactions bremsstrahlung radiation 75
Exercises 75
Worksheet 7-3 x-ray emission spectrum 77
Exercises 77
Worksheet 7-4 x-ray emission spectrum minimum wavelength 79
Exercises 79
Worksheet 7-5 x-ray emission spectrum factors that affect the x-ray emission spectrum 81
Exercises 81
Worksheet 8-1 X-ray emission x-ray quantity 83
Exercises 83
Worksheet 8-2 x-ray emission x-ray quality 85
Exercises 85
Worksheet 8-3 x-ray emission half-value layer 87
Exercises 87
Worksheet 8-4 x-ray emission filtration 89
Exercises 89
Worksheet 9-1 X-ray interaction with matter compton effect 91
Exercises 91
Worksheet 9-2 x-ray interaction with matter photoelectric effect 93
Exercises 93
Worksheet 9-3 x-ray interaction with matter differential absorption/atomic number 95
Exercises 95
Worksheet 9-4 x-ray interaction with matter differential absorption/mass density 97
Exercises 97
Worksheet 10-1 Film Factors 99
EXERCISES 99
Worksheet 10-2 Geometric Factors 101
EXERCISES 101
Worksheet 10-3 Focal-Spot Blur 103
EXERCISES 103
Worksheet 10-4 Subject Factors 105
EXERCISES 105
Worksheet 10-5 Improving Radiographic Quality 107
EXERCISES 107
Worksheet 10-6 Patient Factors 109
EXERCISES 109
Worksheet 10-7 Image Quality Factors 111
EXERCISES 111
Worksheet 10-8 Radiographic Technique Charts 113
EXERCISES 113
Worksheet 11-1 Production of scatter radiation 115
Exercises 115
Worksheet 11-2 control of scatter radiation 117
Exercises 117
Worksheet 11-3 characteristics of grid construction 119
Exercises 119
Worksheet 11-4 measuring grid performance 121
Exercises 121
Worksheet 11-5 types of grids use of grids grid selection 123
Exercises 123
Worksheet 12-1 Film construction 125
Exercises 125
Worksheet 12-2 formation of latent image 127
Exercises 127
Worksheet 12-3 types of film handling and storage of film 129
Exercises 129
Worksheet 12-4 screen construction luminescence screen characteristics 131
Exercises 131
Worksheet 12-5 screen-film combinations screen care fluoroscopic screens 133
Exercises 133
Worksheet 12-6 processing chemistry 135
Exercises 135
Worksheet 12-7 automatic processing 137
Exercises 137
Worksheet 12-8 quality control artifacts 139
Exercises 139
Worksheet 13-1 Fifteen percent rule 141
Exercises 141
Worksheet 13-2 exposure time 143
Exercises 143
Worksheet 13-3 adjusting for change in distance 145
Exercises 145
Worksheet 13-4 characteristics of the imaging system 147
Exercises 147
Worksheet 13-5 tomography magnification radiography 149
Exercises 149
Worksheet 14-1 History of computers anatomy of a computer 151
Exercises 151
Worksheet 14-2 computer software processing methods 153
Exercises 153
Across 155
Down 155
Worksheet 15-1 Computed radiography image receptor 157
Exercises 157
Exercises 159
Worksheet 16-1 Direct radiography 161
Exercises 161
Worksheet 17-1 Spatial resolution 163
Exercises 163
Worksheet 17-2 contrast resolution contrast detail 165
Exercises 165
Worksheet 18-1 Viewing the digital radiographic image 167
Exercises 167
Worksheet 19-1 Image artifacts 169
Exercises 169
Across 170
Down 170
Worksheet 20-1 Screen-film radiographic quality control 171
Exercises 171
Worksheet 21-1 Digital radiographic artifacts 173
Exercises 173
Worksheet 22-1 Digital radiographic quality control 175
Exercises 175
Worksheet 23-1 Basis for mammography X-ray imaging system magnification mammography 179
Exercises 179
Worksheet 24-1 Quality control team quality control program 181
Exercises 181
Worksheet 25-1 Illumination human vision 185
Exercises 185
Worksheet 25-2 Image intensification 187
Exercises 187
Worksheet 25-3 image monitoring 189
Exercises 189
Worksheet 26-1 Digital fluoroscopy 191
Exercises 191
Worksheet 27-1 Types of procedures basic principles ir suite 195
Exercises 195
Worksheet 28-1 Principles of operation of CT 197
Exercises 197
Worksheet 28-2 image characteristics image quality quality assurance 199
Exercises 199
Worksheet 28-3 computed tomography 201
Exercises 201
Worksheet 29-1 Human radiation response composition of the body 205
Exercises 205
Worksheet 29-2 cell theory 207
Exercises 207
Worksheet 29-3 human cells tissues and organs 209
Exercises 209
Worksheet 30-1 Law of bergoni and tribondeau physical factors that affect radiosensitivity 211
Exercises 211
Worksheet 30-2 biologic factors that affect radiosensitivity radiation dose-response relationships 213
Exercises 213
Worksheet 31-1 Molecular radiobiology 215
Exercises 215
Worksheet 32-1 Cellular radiobiology 217
Exercises 217
Worksheet 33-1 Acute radiation lethality local tissue damage 219
Exercises 219
Worksheet 33-2 hematologic effects cytogenetic effects 221
Exercises 221
Across 224
Down 224
Worksheet 34-1 Local tissue effects life span shortening risk estimates 225
Exercises 225
Worksheet 34-2 radiation-induced malignancy total risk of malignancy radiation and pregnancy 227
Exercises 227
Worksheet 35-1 Cardinal principles of radiation protection dose limits 229
Exercises 229
Worksheet 36-1 Design of x-ray apparatus design of protective barriers 231
Exercises 231
Worksheet 36-2 radiation detection and measurement 233
Exercises 233
Worksheet 37-1 Patient radiation dose reduction of unnecessary patient dose 235
Exercises 235
Worksheet 38-1 CT patient radiation dose 237
Exercises 237
Worksheet 39-1 Patient radiation dose management 239
Exercises 239
Worksheet 40-1 Occupational exposure reduction of occupational radiation exposure 241
Exercises 241
Across 243
Down 243
Math Tutor 245
Working with decimal timers 247
Exercise 1: Calculating total mas values 247
Working with decimal timers 249
Exercise 1: Calculating total mas values 249
Working with fractional timers 251
Exercise 2: The 100 ma station 251
Working with fractional timers 253
Exercise 3: The 200 ma and 50 ma stations 253
Working with fractional timers 255
Exercise 4: The 300 ma station 255
Working with fractional timers 257
Exercise 5: The 400, 500, and 600 ma stations 257
Working with fractional timers 259
Exercise 6: Complex fractions 259
Timers: Converting fractions into decimals and vice versa 261
Exercise 7: Converting fractions into decimals 261
Timers: Converting fractions into decimals and vice versa 263
Exercise 8: Converting decimals into fractions 263
Finding mA and time combinations for desired mAs 265
Exercise 9: Warm-up calculations 265
Finding mA and time calculations for desired mAs 267
Exercise 10: Calculations using fractions 267
Finding mA and time calculations for desired mAs 265
Exercise 11: Calculations using decimals 265