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Wartime Captivity in the 20th Century

Wartime Captivity in the 20th Century

Anne-Marie Pathé | Fabien Théofilakis


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Book Details


Long a topic of historical interest, wartime captivity has over the past decade taken on new urgency as an object of study. Transnational by its very nature, captivity’s historical significance extends far beyond the front lines, ultimately inextricable from the histories of mobilization, nationalism, colonialism, law, and a host of other related subjects. This wide-ranging volume brings together an international selection of scholars to trace the contours of this evolving research agenda, offering fascinating new perspectives on historical moments that range from the early days of the Great War to the arrival of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay.

Anne-Marie Pathé is Director of the Centre des archives in the Institut d’histoire du temps présent (IHTP-CNRS). Her previous publications include an edition of Jours de guerre. Ma vie sous l’Occupation by Berthe Auroy (co-edited, Éditions Bayard, 2008) and Archives d’une captivité, 1939-1945. L’évasion littéraire du Capitaine Mongrédien (co-edited, Éditions Textuel, 2010).

“The 20 narrowly focused, deeply researched papers, grouped into four thematic parts, include military POWs and civilian internees… Excellent bibliographies.This book adds to, without replacing, previous literature.” • Choice

“The breadth of topics covered in this volume is impressive…there are a number of fascinating out of the box contributions that explore questions few have attempted to ask, let alone answer, in some of the broader POW histories of recent years…Original and illuminating stories told from exciting new perspectives, however, are not the only gifts proffered to the scholar of POW history in this notable volume.” • European History Quarterly

“A readable and versatile treatment of the subject of prisoners of war in the 20th century … [The editors] have undoubtedly succeeded … in assembling inspiring and sophisticated texts and questions.” • H-Soz-Kult

“This is … a very important book, because it presents a very specific review of current research, because it opens up lines of inquiry, and also because it brings together sources and other disciplines so as to enrich the study of this particular category of soldiers.” • La Cliothèque

Fabien Théofilakis, Ph.D, has published several articles and a monograph (Les prisonniers de guerre allemands en France, 1944-1949, Éditions Fayard, 2014) on wartime captivity, among other topics. His forthcoming book project uses Adolf Eichmann’s notes from 1960-61 to revisit his trial in Jerusalem. Since September 2014, he has been a DAAD visiting professor at the University of Montreal and a member of the Canadian Center for German and European Studies.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Title Page iii
Table of Contents v
Figures ix
Acknowledgements x
Abbreviations xii
Editors’ Introduction 1
Introduction 13
Part I. Camp Systems, International Law and Humanitarian Action 25
1. International Law and Western Front Prisoners of War in the First World War 30
2. German Treatment of Jewish Prisoners of War in the Second World War 45
3. ‘All Things Are Possible For HimWho Believes’ (Mark 9:23) 54
4. From Allies to Enemies: Prisoners of the Third Reich in Italy 65
5. The Other Point of View . . . The Lawyer 74
Part II. Languages of Captivity 79
6. Liminality and Transgression 84
7. Half-naked Nazis: Masculinity and Gender 95
8. Fernand Braudel as Prisoner in Germany 103
9. Hans Gál and the Trio of the Huyton Suite 115
10. The Other Point of View . . . The Ethnologist 127
Part III. Relations Between Captivity and Society 137
11. Perceptions of Axis Captives in the British Isles, 1939–1948 141
12. ‘Voluntary’ Captivity: Russian Prisoners of War in Switzerland, 1942–1945 153
13. Contact between German Prisoners of War and French Civilians, 1944–1948 163
14. The Other Point of View . . . The Sociologist 177
Part IV. Captivity and Colonial Issues 183
15. Wartime Internment of Algerians in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 189
16. Helping ‘Our’ Prisoners: Philanthropic Mobilization 199
17. French Guards for French Colonial Prisoners of War in German Captivity 213
18. Why Release the Prisoners? The Algerian Army of National Liberation 228
19. The Other Point of View . . . The Doctor 240
Part V. Captivity in Wartime: From One Century to Another 255
20. Round Table Discussion 257
By Way of Conclusion 273
Bibliography 283
Index 317