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Volume 5, Issue 3, An Issue of Hospital Medicine Clinics, E-Book

Volume 5, Issue 3, An Issue of Hospital Medicine Clinics, E-Book

Eddy J. Chen

(2016)

Additional Information

Book Details

Abstract

This issue of Hospital Medicine Clinics, edited by Dr. Eddy Chen, covers topics including: Being the Oncology Hospitalist; Caring for Acute Leukemics; Blood Transfusions for Cancer Patients; QI Initiatives in Hospitalized Cancer Patients; Febrile Neutropenia - A Closer Look; Chemotherapy Complications - Short and Long Term Issues; Malignant Bowel Obstruction; Tumor Lysis Syndrome; Principles of Radiation Therapy: What Hospitalists Need to Know; and Neoplastic Related Cord Compression.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Front Cover\r Cover
Contributors A1
CONSULTING EDITOR A1
EDITOR A1
AUTHORS A1
Contents A3
Preface\r A3
Being an Oncology Hospitalist\r A3
Acute Leukemia\r A3
Blood Transfusions for Hospitalized Patients with Cancer\r A3
Quality and Safety in Hospitalized Patients with Cancer\r A3
Infectious Complications of Solid Tumor Malignancy\r A4
Chemotherapy Complications\r A4
Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Advanced Cancer\r A4
Tumor Lysis Syndrome\r A4
Principles of Radiation Therapy: What Hospitalists Need to Know\r A5
Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression: Presentation, Diagnosis, and Management\r A5
HOSPITAL MEDICINE CLINICS\r A6
FORTHCOMING ISSUES A6
October 2016 A6
January 2017 A6
RECENT ISSUES A6
April 2016 A6
January 2016 A6
October 2015 A6
Preface A7
Being an Oncology Hospitalist 335
KEY PRINCIPLES 336
Definitions 336
Background 336
Value-added domains 337
Current domains of waste 338
GUIDELINES FOR PRACTICE 338
Clinical Management Concepts 338
Current Challenges and Future Perspectives 342
Models 343
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 344
REFERENCES 344
Acute Leukemia 347
BACKGROUND 348
MANAGEMENT 349
ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA 350
Patients Less than 60 Years of Age 350
Patients More than 60 Years of Age 351
Role of Stem Cell Transplant in Acute Myeloid Leukemia 351
ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA 351
ACUTE LYMPHOID LEUKEMIA 351
Febrile Neutropenia 352
Deep Venous Thrombosis Prophylaxis 352
Leukostasis 352
Differentiation Syndrome in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia 352
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia 353
Chemotherapy Side Effects 353
PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT 353
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 354
REFERENCES 354
Blood Transfusions for Hospitalized Patients with Cancer 356
BACKGROUND 357
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 357
Thoracentesis and Paracentesis 358
TRANSFUSION REACTIONS 359
OTHER TRANSFUSION COMPLICATIONS 359
Transfusion-related Sepsis 359
Transfusion-related Immune Modulation 360
Iron Overload 361
Refractoriness to Platelet Transfusion 361
PRECAUTIONS WITH BLOOD PRODUCTS 361
Leukoreduced and Cytomegalovirus Safe 361
Irradiated 361
Washed 361
OTHER BLOOD PRODUCTS/AGENTS 362
Granulocyte Colony-stimulating Factor 362
Granulocyte Infusions 362
Donor Lymphocyte Infusions 363
SPECIAL PATIENT POPULATIONS 363
PRACTICE IMPROVEMENT 364
REFERENCES 364
Quality and Safety in Hospitalized Patients with Cancer 368
KEY PRINCIPLES 369
GUIDELINES FOR PRACTICE: FALLS 371
GUIDELINES FOR PRACTICE: VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM 372
GUIDELINES FOR PRACTICE: INTENSIVE CARE UNIT TRANSFERS 373
GUIDELINES FOR PRACTICE: CENTRAL LINE‚ÄďASSOCIATED BLOODSTREAM INFECTIONS 375
SUMMARY 376
REFERENCES 377
Infectious Complications of Solid Tumor Malignancy 379
EPIDEMIOLOGY 380
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY 381
INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF BREAST CANCER 381
Epidemiology 381
Pathogens 382
Clinical Findings 383
Management 383
INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF LUNG CANCER 384
Epidemiology 384
Pathogens 384
Clinical Findings 385
Management 386
INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF UROLOGIC CANCERS 387
Renal Cell Carcinoma 387
Epidemiology 387
Pathogens 387
Clinical findings 387
Management 388
Prostate Cancer 388
Epidemiology 388
Pathogens 388
Clinical findings 389
Management 389
Bladder Cancer 389
Epidemiology 389
Pathogens 389
Clinical findings 390
Management 390
INFECTIOUS COMPLICATIONS OF GASTROINTESTINAL CANCERS 390
Colorectal Cancer 390
Epidemiology 390
Pathogens 391
Clinical findings 391
Management 391
COMPLICATED DISEASE AND UNUSUAL MANIFESTATIONS 392
Hepatobiliary Cancer 392
Epidemiology 392
Pathogens 393
Clinical manifestations 393
Management 394
Pancreatic Cancer 394
Gastroesophageal Cancers 394
Epidemiology 394
Pathogens 395
Clinical manifestations 395
Management 395
REFERENCES 395
Chemotherapy Complications 400
DEFINITIONS 401
DRUG INTERACTIONS AND TOXICITY 401
CHEMOTHERAPY TOXICITIES 402
GASTROINTESTINAL TOXICITIES 402
Nausea and Vomiting 402
Diarrhea 403
Mucositis 405
Prevention 405
Treatment 405
MYELOSUPPRESSION 405
CARDIOVASCULAR TOXICITY 406
PULMONARY TOXICITY 407
HEPATOTOXICITY 408
NEPHROTOXICITY 409
NEUROTOXICITY 409
COGNITIVE 410
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 410
PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT 410
REFERENCES 411
Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Advanced Cancer 413
DEFINITION 414
EPIDEMIOLOGY 414
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY 414
DIAGNOSIS 415
PROGNOSIS IN ADVANCED CANCER 416
MANAGEMENT 417
COMPLICATIONS 420
SUPPORTIVE MEASURES 420
DISCHARGE PLANNING 422
PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT 422
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 422
REFERENCES 422
Tumor Lysis Syndrome 425
DEFINITIONS 426
UNDERSTANDING EPIDEMIOLOGY HELPS WITH RISK ASSESSMENT, AND THUS MANAGEMENT 428
MANAGEMENT 429
PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT 436
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 436
REFERENCES 436
Principles of Radiation Therapy 439
BACKGROUND 440
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 441
MANAGEMENT OF RADIATION TOXICITY 443
Upper Gastrointestinal (Oral Mucositis and Esophagitis) 444
Lower Gastrointestinal (Enteritis) 445
GUIDELINES 446
PRACTICE IMPROVEMENT 446
REFERENCES 447
Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression 452
DEFINITION 453
EPIDEMIOLOGY 453
CLINICAL PRESENTATION 454
PROGNOSIS 455
Ambulatory Status 455
Tumor Histology 455
DIAGNOSIS 456
TREATMENT 457
Other Pharmacologic Treatment Options 458
Radiation Therapy 459
Surgery 460
PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT 463
CLINICAL GUIDELINES 463
ACKNOWLEDGMENT 463
REFERENCES 463