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Process Work in Person-Centred Therapy

Process Work in Person-Centred Therapy

Richard Worsley


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Book Details


This unique and important book breaks new ground in the theory and practice of person-centred psychotherapy by focusing on the issue of process.
Process belongs to both client and counsellor. Worsley conceptualises process in relation to the core principles of the person-centred approach but also to the humanistic and phenomenological roots of person-centred therapy. Combining academic rigour with the wisdom of an experienced clinical practitioner, he opens up a more inclusive and integrative way of being with clients that nonetheless chimes with classical person-centred principles.
The book features:
• Activities and vivid case studies to illustrate and expand on the theoretical points being developed, allowing the reader to see easily how these might apply to practice.
• Engagement with theoretical approaches such as transactional analysis and Gestalt, as well as discussion of philosophy, spirituality and psychopathology.
• New discussion of the processes involved in mental illness, drawing on the work of Prouty and Warner to understand the client's world of experiencing.
• New material on the plural self and configurations of the self.
This is a book aimed principally at university students enrolled on courses in person-centred, humanistic, existential and integrative counselling and psychotherapy. It will also appeal to experienced practitioners wanting to refresh and deepen their understanding.
RICHARD WORSLEY is a person-centred therapist, supervisor and trainer at the University of Warwick, UK. Formerly Director of the Diploma in Humanistic Counselling at Tile Hill College, Coventry, he also has long experience working as an Anglican Priest. He is co-editor with Stephen Joseph of Person-Centred Psychopathology: A Positive Psychology of Mental Health.
Breathtakingly wide-ranging' – Nick Baker, The Tribes of the Person-Centred Nation


'This book helps to fill out the growing field of the mainstream person-centred approach; it is a reader-friendly text that genuinely adds to the enquiry base of counsellors and therapists and deserves to find its way onto the reading lists of all integrative courses." - Colin Feltham, Therapy Today

RICHARD WORSLEY is a person-centred therapist, supervisor and trainer. He was Director of the Diploma in Humanistic Counselling at Tile Hill College, Coventry, UK, as well as an Anglican Priest with long experience of parish life and pastoral care. He is co-author of Person-Centred Psychopathology: A Positive Psychology of Mental Health and Person-Centred Practice: Case Studies in Positive Psychology.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Cover Cover
Contents vii
Preface xi
Acknowledgements xii
Who Is This Book For? xiii
1 Process and Listening 1
A Case Study in Process 1
The Bedrock of Person-Centred Therapy 7
The Phenomenological Stance 8
Process Work in Action 9
Process and Explanation 11
Further Reading 12
Part I: Addressing Process Work 13
2 What is Process in Person-Centred Therapy? 15
Reflection 16
What is Process Work? 18
Two Aspects of Process – The Work of David Rennie 19
Barbara Temaner Brodley and Laura North Rice 21
Focusing 22
The Person-Centred Rigidity 23
The Chicago 2000 Position Statement 24
An Initial Position 26
Moving to Process Work 28
Further Reading 28
3 The Client in Process 30
Two Practice Observations 30
Process Work and the Client's Frame of Reference 35
Process Work and the Six Conditions of Therapy 36
Spontaneity, Reflexivity and the Actualizing Tendency 38
Key Themes 39
'A Process Conception of Psychotherapy' 43
Further Reading 45
Part II: Phenomenological Perspectives 47
4 A Phenomenological Approach to Therapy 49
Frame of Reference as a Phenomenological Concept 53
Phenomenology and Practice 54
The ‘What’ and ‘How’ of Experiencing 58
Anger 59
Process Work: Theory and Practice 63
Phenomenology and Integration 65
Into Practice 67
Further Reading 68
5 Constructing the Self: Narrative and Metaphor in Therapy 70
A Letter to Alistair 70
Narrative as Symbolization 76
Into Practice – 1 78
The Multiple Self 80
Configurations Revisited – Narrative and Metaphor 83
Into Practice – 2 85
Further Reading 88
6 Conditions of Worth in Everyday Life: A Person-Centred Use of Transactional Analysis Theory 89
Recognizing a Dilemma 94
Conditions of Worth in Everyday Life 95
Ego-state Theory 97
Christopher's Ego-states 101
Being Person-Centred? 103
Into Practice 104
Further Reading 104
7 Mirrors of Our Being: A Person-Centred Use of Gestalt Theory 106
Awareness as an Aspect of the Client's Frame of Reference 106
Expressing Our Organismic Need: A Gestalt Perspective 109
Awareness and Metacommunication 110
Awareness and its Edge: A Study in Empathy with Process 113
Awareness and Being Fully Functioning 114
The Cycle of Experience 116
Into Practice 118
Bridging 119
Awareness and its Implications for Practice 121
Further Reading 122
8 Freeing the Therapist: A Phenomenological Reading of Carl Rogers 123
Experiencing Looking 124
Phenomenological Reading 125
Two Ways of Looking at Rogers 127
The Person-Centred Theory Paradox and Openness to the Client's Process 129
Conceptualizing and Operationalizing 131
Further Reading 133
Part III: Existential Perspectives 135
9 Relating and Existing: Martin Buber's I–Thou Construct for Person-Centred Therapy 137
From Phenomenology to Existentialism 138
What is Existentialism? 139
Deeper Empathy 143
A View of Hannah – Martin Buber 143
A Work of Art 146
Saying ‘Thou’ 148
The Internalized Other 149
Into Practice 150
Further Reading 153
10 The Existential Dimension: An Ignored Resource of Person-Centred Therapy 155
The Existential Self 155
Carl Rogers on the Good Life 158
Life Commitments 160
Freedom and Choice 161
Responsibility, Anxiety and Guilt 163
Into Practice 165
Beyond the Existential 168
Further Reading 173
11 The Spirituality of Counselling: Phenomenology, Existentialism and Beyond 174
Making Links 175
Phenomenology as Public Language 176
Phenomenology as Spiritual 177
Into Practice 178
Meeting Others 179
What Stops Us Meeting? 179
Transcendence and Metaphor 181
Into Practice – Spiritual Wisdom 182
But Does the Spiritual Really Matter? 184
Conclusion 185
Further Reading 186
Part IV: Moving into Process Work 187
12 Process in High Levels of Distress: Insights for Everyday Work 189
Precursors to Modern, Person-Centred Psychopathology 190
Critical Psychology and Psychiatry 194
Contact 196
Theory and Practice – Pre-therapy 198
Theory and Practice – Metaphact and Metacause 200
Further Reading 206
13 A Process Paradigm and Hilary: A Case Study of One Moment of Process Work 208
Clients and Models: The Specificity Myth 208
Paradigms 209
Introducing the Paradigm 210
The Paradigm 211
The Key Contribution of the Paradigm 219
Into Practice 220
The Client's Preferred Way of Working – an Excursus 222
Working with Hilary – the Paradigm-Moment 223
Process Work in Action 226
Further Reading 227
14 Process Work in Practice 228
Level One – The Arguments 230
Level Two – Process: Imaging and Imagination 231
Images and Paradigms 234
Into Practice 234
Level Three – Process and Spiritual Awareness 235
Future Work 237
Conclusion 238
Bibliography 240
Index 252
A 252
B 252
C 252
D 253
E 253
F 253
G 253
H 254
I 254
J 254
K 254
L 254
M 254
N 254
O 254
P 255
R 255
S 255
T 256
U 256
V 256
W 256
Y 256
Z 256