Menu Expand
Nutrition and Mental Performance

Nutrition and Mental Performance

Leigh Riby | Jonathan Foster


Additional Information

Book Details


Ideal for psychology, food science and nutrition students at a variety of levels, this text provides a unique lifespan perspective to guide students through nutrition and cognitive performance. With contributions from leading academics and professionals, it is an accessible and comprehensive guide to the connection between psychology and nutrition.
LEIGH RIBY is Senior Lecturer at Northumbria University, UK, where he is also the programme leader for the MSc Nutrition and Psychological Science.
MICHAEL SMITH is Senior Lecturer at Northumbria University, UK, and he holds a PhD in cognitive neuroscience from the University of Western Australia.
JONATHAN FOSTER is currently Senior Research Fellow in Psychology at Curtin University, Australia and Clinical Professor in Neuropsychology in the Health Department of Western Australia.

As well as comprehensively reviewing this important area, the authors have struck an excellent balance between accessibility to lay readers and usability for researchers.' - Leigh Gibson, Reader in Psychology at the University of Roehampton, London, UK

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Cover Cove
Contents v
List of Figures and Tables xii
The Editors xiv
Acknowledgements xv
Notes on Contributors xvi
1 Nutrition and Mental Performance: A Lifespan Perspective 1
Introduction 1
Organisation of this Book 4
PART I: Micronutrients 11
2 Iron Nutrition and Neurodevelopment in Young Children 13
Introduction 13
Mechanisms Linking Iron-Deficiency Anaemia to Altered Cognitive Performance 16
Effects of Inadequate Intakes of Iron on Cognitive Performance 17
Effects of High Intakes of Iron on Cognitive Performance 22
Summary 23
3 Vitamin C and Its Role in Brain Development and Cognition 29
Introduction 29
Vitamin C Homeostasis in the Brain 30
Vitamin C Function in the Brain 34
Vitamin C in the Developing Brain 37
Vitamin C and Cognition 38
Importance of Vitamin C in the Brain 40
Conclusion 43
4 Exploring B Vitamins and Their Impact on Cognitive Function and Mood from Conception to Early Adulthood 53
Introduction 53
Special Cases 73
Conclusions and Implications 75
5 Vitamin D, Energy Regulation and Mental Health 83
Introduction 83
Vitamin D and Cognitive Screening Tests 85
The Relationship between Vitamin D and Cognitive Disorders: Possible Mechanisms 87
Depression 89
Bipolar Illness and Schizophrenia 91
Conclusions 92
6 Exploring B Vitamins Beyond Early Adulthood 99
Introduction 99
Mechanisms of Action 100
Epidemiological Evidence 101
Vitamin B Supplementation Studies 105
Monotherapy with Vitamins B6, B9 and B12 106
Multi B-Vitamin Therapy 108
Conclusions and Future Directions 110
PART II: Macronutrients 115
7 Protein Deficiency During Development: Implications for Cognitive Function 117
Introduction 117
Functions of Protein During Development 119
Prevalence 128
Animal Studies 128
Human Studies 130
Conclusions 134
8 Carbohydrates, Glucose and Cognitive Performance 139
Introduction 139
Glucose Enhancement of Cognitive Performance 140
Long-Term Studies 148
Mechanisms 149
Other Carbohydrates 150
Summary and Conclusions 151
9 The Impact of Breakfast on Cognitive Performance in Children and Adults 158
Introduction 158
Glycaemic Response 159
Breakfast Consumption and Cognitive Performance in Adults 162
Studies Comparing Breakfast Consumption Versus Breakfast Omission in Adults 163
Studies Comparing Different Breakfasts in Adults 164
Breakfast Consumption and Cognitive Performance in Children 167
Studies Comparing Breakfast Consumption Versus Breakfast Omission in Children 167
Studies Comparing Different Breakfasts in Children 169
Breakfast Clubs 172
Conclusions and Directions for Future Research 173
10 Reduced-Calorie Diets and Mental Performance in Adults 179
Introduction 179
Cognitive Processes 180
Glucose, Carbohydrates and Brain Function 182
Low Carbohydrate Diets and Brain Function 184
Dietary Fat and Brain Function 186
Weight Loss, Bariatric Surgery, Weight Maintenance and Brain Function 187
Conclusion 187
11 Water, Hydration Status and Cognitive Performance 193
Introduction 193
Human Water Requirements, Thirst Mechanism and Measurement of Hydration Status 194
Hydration Status and Cognitive Performance and Mood in Adults 197
Hydration Status and Cognitive Performance in Children 201
Mechanisms by which Hydration Status Affects Cognition 205
Conclusions 206
Acknowledgements 207
12 Consumption of Fish and Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Impact on Cognitive Function in Older Age and Dementia 212
Introduction 212
Mechanisms of Omega-3 Action 213
Cognitive Performance 215
Cognitive Change 220
Cognitive Impairment and Dementia 223
Omega-3 Supplementation 232
Conclusions 235
PART III: Phytochemicals and Mild Stimulants 241
13 Energy Drink Consumption and the Effects on Stress and Cognitive Performance 243
Introduction 243
What Are Energy Drinks? 245
Benefits of Energy Drinks 252
Risks Associated with Energy Drinks 253
The Stress Response 255
Stress and Energy Drink Consumption 256
Marketing 257
Regulation 258
Future Implications 259
Conclusions 261
14 Caffeine Psychopharmacology and Effects on Cognitive Performance and Mood 270
Introduction 270
Main Sources of Caffeine and Patterns of Consumption 271
Pharmacology of Caffeine 273
Psychopharmacology of Caffeine: Caffeine Withdrawal and Withdrawal Reversal 276
Attempts to Control for Confounding Due to Caffeine Withdrawal and Withdrawal Reversal 279
Age-Related Cognitive and Neuromotor Degeneration 283
Sleep and Wakefulness 285
Conclusions 291
15 Herbal Extracts and Cognition in Adulthood and Ageing 302
Introduction 302
The Cellular Basis of Age-Related Cognitive Decline 303
Herbal Extracts and Mechanisms of Cognitive Enhancement 305
Evidence of Efficacy for Cognitive Enhancement Associated 306
The Importance of Phyto-Equivalence in Clinical Studies 319
Future Directions 319
16 Preventive Effects of Resveratrol on Age-Associated Neurological Disorders 329
Introduction 329
Dietary Source and Bioavailability of Resveratrol 330
Human Studies 333
Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Resveratrol 333
Amyloidogenesis 335
Sirtuins 337
Conclusions 337
Acknowledgements 338
Index 342