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Principles and Practice of Veterinary Technology E-Book

Principles and Practice of Veterinary Technology E-Book

Margi Sirois

(2016)

Additional Information

Book Details

Abstract

Now in full color, Principles and Practice of Veterinary Technology provides comprehensive coverage of the competencies every vet tech needs to know. Illustrated, step-by-step instructions emphasize the technician's role and responsibilities in each procedure, and dozens of new summary tables and boxes make it easy to find key information. Written by experienced vet tech educator Margi Sirois, this edition offers excellent preparation for clinical practice and for veterinary technician credentialing examinations.

  • Comprehensive coverage includes the entire scope of competencies reflecting today's veterinary technology practice.
  • 82 illustrated, step-by-step procedures include instructions for all AVMA-required psychomotor techniques.
  • Clinical discussions of the technician's role are emphasized in every procedure.
  • Expert authors are qualified vet tech educators who understand your needs and write in a clear, concise style.
  • New Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation, and Complementary Medicine chapter helps you integrate physical rehabilitation, acupuncture, and herbal remedies into practice.
  • Expanded coverage of exotics includes handling, restraint, and examination procedures for birds, reptiles, amphibians, and wildlife.
  • Over 900 full-color photos and illustrations accurately depict specific disorders, diseases, and procedures, making these easier to learn.
  • More tables and boxes summarize key information, to simplify the learning of complex material.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Front Cover Cover
Principles and Practice of Veterinary Technology\r iii
Copyright iv
Dedication v
Contributors vi
Consultants and Reviewers x
Preface xi
Acknowledgments xii
Contents xiii
How to Use This Learning Package xiv
Textbook features xiv
Student workbook xvi
Evolve Website xvii
Part 1: Foundations of Veterinary Practice 1
Chapter 1: Overview of Veterinary Technology 1
Education of veterinary technicians 2
Nomenclature describing veterinary personnel 2
Scope of veterinary technicianĀ“s duties 3
Career opportunities for veterinary technicians 4
Salary ranges for veterinary technicians 5
Credentialed veterinary technicians: certification, registration, and licensing 6
Veterinary Technician Specialties 6
The future of veterinary technology 7
Veterinary technician professional organizations and resources 8
Recommended reading 10
Chapter 2: Ethical, Legal, and Safety Issues in Veterinary Medicine 11
Ethics 11
Law 14
Safety 17
Recommended reading 26
Chapter 3: Practice Management 27
Front office procedures 28
The office visit 36
Pet health insurance 38
AAHA and accreditation 39
Practice operations 40
Facility maintenance 52
Marketing 53
Disaster planning 54
Recommended reading 56
Chapter 4: Effective Communication in Veterinary Practice 57
The communication process 57
The human-animal bond 66
Grief counseling 67
Summary 72
Recommended reading 72
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology 73
Introduction to word parts 74
Using word parts to form words 74
Defining medical terms using word analysis 75
Combining forms for body parts and anatomy 75
Suffixes for surgical procedures 77
Suffixes for diseases or conditions 77
Prefixes for diseases or conditions 78
Plural endings 78
Suffixes for instruments, procedures, and machines 79
Terms for direction, position, and movement 79
Dental terminology 81
Specific terminology of anatomy and physiology 81
Recommended reading 88
Part 2: Veterinary Diagnostics 89
Chapter 6: Diagnostic Imaging 89
X-ray generation 90
Radiographic image quality 90
Radiographic film 96
X-ray equipment 97
Digital x-ray imaging 99
Radiation safety 100
Darkroom techniques 102
Radiographic artifacts 105
Radiographic positioning and terminology 105
Contrast studies 109
Diagnostic ultrasound 110
Endoscopy 114
Computed tomography 118
Magnetic resonance imaging 119
Nuclear medicine 119
Recommended readings 120
Chapter 7: Hematology and Hemostasis 121
Laboratory instrumentation and equipment 122
Laboratory safety 122
Quality control 123
Sample collection 125
Formation and functions of blood and blood cells 127
Complete blood count 128
Differential blood film 133
Erythrocyte morphology 137
Leukocyte morphology 141
Platelets 145
Reticulocyte counts 145
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 148
Bone marrow examination 149
Hemostasis 149
Primary hemostatic tests 151
Secondary hemostatic tests 151
Recommended reading 153
Chapter 8: Clinical Chemistry and Serology 154
Sample collection 155
Sample type 155
Laboratory selection 157
Laboratory equipment 157
Features and benefits of common analyzer types 157
Hepatobiliary function testing 159
Basic principles of immunology 168
Types of immunologic tests 171
Molecular diagnostics 175
Common errors and artifacts 176
Choosing a test kit 177
Test significance 177
Recommended reading 178
Chapter 9: Microbiology, Cytology, and Urinalysis 179
Microbiology 180
Characteristics of bacteria 180
Mycology 180
Materials needed for the in-house microbiology lab 182
Immunologic testing 187
Antimicrobial Sensitivity Testing 188
Quality control concerns 188
Cytology 189
Collection and preparation of samples from tissues and masses 189
Collection and preparation of fluid samples 191
Urinalysis 201
Formation of urine 202
The complete urinalysis 203
Recommended reading 210
Chapter 10: Parasitology 211
Parasitology 211
Classification of parasites 212
Diagnostic techniques in parasitology 235
Recommended reading 248
Part 3: Veterinary Therapeutics 249
Chapter 11: Pharmacology and Pharmacy 249
Drug names 249
Dosage forms 250
Prescriptions and dispensing medication 250
Calculating drug doses 251
Storing and handling drugs in the pharmacy 253
Storing and prescribing controlled substances 253
Therapeutic range 254
Dosage regimen 254
Routes of administration 254
How drugs exert their effect 256
Drugs affecting the gastrointestinal tract 256
Drugs affecting the cardiovascular system 259
Drugs affecting the respiratory system 261
Drugs affecting the endocrine system 262
Drugs affecting reproduction 263
Drugs affecting the nervous system 264
Antimicrobials 266
Antifungals 269
Antiparasitics 270
Antiinflammatories 271
Disinfectants and antiseptics 273
Recommended reading 274
Chapter 12: Pathology, Response to Disease, and Preventive Medicine 275
Pathology 275
Preventive medicine 289
Recommended reading 309
Chapter 13: Management of Wounds, Fractures, and Other Injuries 311
Wound healing 312
Wound management 313
Wound closure 317
Covering wounds 320
Orthopedic bandages and splints 323
Casts 328
Management of specific wound types 330
Recommended reading 332
Chapter 14: Veterinary Anesthesia, Analgesia, and Anesthetic Nursing 333
Introduction 333
Fundamentals of anesthesia 343
Steps of anesthesia 343
Large Animal Anesthesia 375
Recommended reading 377
Chapter 15: Principles of Surgical Nursing 378
General surgical principles 379
Basic surgical terminology 379
Preoperative and postoperative considerations 380
Principles of asepsis 382
Care and maintenance of surgical instruments and supplies 385
Preparation of the operative site 389
Preparation of the surgical team 394
Surgical assisting 398
Surgical instruments 402
Suture materials 406
Other materials used in wound closure 410
Suture removal 410
Recommended reading 411
Chapter 16: Fluid Therapy and Blood Transfusion 412
Fluid therapy 413
Clinical aspects of fluid therapy 415
Fluid choices 417
Indications for fluid therapy 419
Routes of fluid administration 422
Intravenous catheter selection 424
Intravenous catheter placement and maintenance 428
Fluid administration 429
Total parenteral nutrition 430
Transfusion medicine 430
Clinical evaluation of bleeding 430
Whole blood and blood components 434
Blood types 440
Sources of donor blood 442
Blood collection 443
Blood storage 445
Blood administration 445
Transfusion reactions 447
Recommended reading 448
Chapter 17: Emergency and Critical Care 449
Emergency readiness and preparation 450
Hospital care 456
Emergencies 458
Emergency procedures 469
Oxygen therapy 471
Critical care 474
Summary 480
Recommended reading 481
Chapter 18: Dentistry 482
Oral anatomy 482
Dental instruments 485
Preparation for dental procedures 487
Periodontal disease 489
Prophylaxis or dental cleaning 491
Dental records 493
Oral radiology 497
Home dental care 502
Recommended reading 505
Chapter 19: Physical Therapy, Rehabilitation, and Complementary Medicine 506
Hands-on therapy 506
Alternative and ComplemeNtary medicine 509
Recommended reading 516
Part 4: Animal Care and Husbandry 517
Chapter 20: Animal Behavior 517
What is behavior and where does it come from? 518
Preventing behavior problems in companion animals 519
Preventing destructive behavior by cats 522
Preventing destructive behavior by dogs 523
Preventing aggressive behavior problems 524
Providing problem prevention services 525
Providing problem resolution services 526
Referring cases to behavior specialists 527
Behavior problems in exotic and farm animals 528
Recommended reading 529
Chapter 21: Physical Restraint 530
Basic animal behavior 530
Restraint and handling of dogs 531
Restraint and handling of cats 535
Restraint and handling of small mammals 540
Restraint and handling of birds 543
Restraint and handling of horses 543
Restraint and handling of cattle 550
Restraint and handling of goats 554
Restraint and handling of sheep 555
Restraint and handling of pigs 556
Recommended reading 558
Chapter 22: Patient History and Physical Examination 559
Technician-client interaction 559
Physical examination 563
Systematic approach to physical examination 572
Physical examination in emergencies 575
Recommended reading 577
Chapter 23: Nutrition 578
Digestive system 578
Energy-producing nutrients 579
Non-energy-producing nutrients 580
Feeding considerations for dogs 580
Feeding considerations for cats 584
Pet food considerations 586
Nutritional support for ill or debilitated patients 588
Feeding considerations for small mammals 592
Feeding considerations for reptiles and amphibians 597
Feeding considerations for laboratory animals 597
Nutrition of livestock 597
Feeding management of Livestock 600
Livestock Clinical nutrition 604
Recommended reading 605
Chapter 24: Nursing Care of Dogs and Cats 606
General Nursing Care 607
Administering medications 616
Nursing Care in Special Circumstances 633
Nursing Care for Recumbent Patients 638
Care of Neonatal Puppies and Kittens 640
Care of Geriatric Patients 643
Recommended Reading 645
Chapter 25: Nursing Care of Horses 646
General care for horses 646
Monitoring patients 648
Care of recumbent horses 649
Bandaging 650
Collecting blood samples 651
Administration of medication 652
Recommended reading 660
Chapter 26: Nursing Care of Food Animals, Camelids, and Ratites 661
Introduction 661
Care of cattle (Bovine) 662
Care of Sheep (Ovine) 662
Care of Goats (Caprine) 663
Care of Swine (Porcine) 664
Diagnostic and therapeutic techniques 665
Care of Camelids 678
Care of Ratites 682
Recommended reading 685
Chapter 27: Nursing Care of Companion Birds, Reptiles, and Amphibians 686
Birds 686
Reptiles 727
Amphibians 744
Physical examination 745
Recommended reading 748
Chapter 28: Nursing Care of Orphaned and Injured Wild Animals 749
Preparing your clinic for wildlife triage and care 750
Capturing and transporting wildlife 751
Intake procedures and history 751
Capture and restraint of wildlife 751
Physical examination of wildlife 755
Sample collection and diagnostic testing 758
Routes of administration of medications and fluids 763
Supportive care of wild animals in the hospital 764
Long-term rehabilitation 766
Ethical treatment and releasability of wild animals 767
Common diseases and injuries of wild animals 768
Wildlife commonly seen in the clinic 770
zoonotic and infectious diseases in common wild animal species 772
Isolation caging area-preventing the spread of disease in the clinic 773
Recommended reading 774
Chapter 29: Nursing Care of Laboratory Animals 775
The use of animals to advance medical knowledge: the pros, the cons, and the laws 776
The role of the veterinary technician in biomedical research 778
Animals used in biomedical research 778
Animal models 779
Small mammals kept as pets and used in research 779
Housing 780
Sanitation 782
Diet 782
Rodents 782
Rabbits 788
Ferrets 790
General nursing care 790
Diagnostic and treatment techniques 791
Venipuncture 791
Identification methods used in research animals 793
Anesthesia 793
Recommended reading 793
Glossary 795
Index 817