### Abstract

For Fluid Mechanics courses found in Civil and Environmental, General Engineering, and Engineering Technology and Industrial Management departments.**Structural Analysis** is intended for use in Structural Analysis courses

*provides students with a clear and thorough presentation of the theory and application of structural analysis as it applies to trusses, beams, and frames. Emphasis is placed on teaching students to both model and analyze a structure. Hibbeler's problem solving methodology, Procedures for Analysis, provides students with a logical, orderly method to follow when applying theory.*

Structural AnalysisStructural Analysis

Teaching and Learning Experience

Teaching and Learning Experience

To provide a better teaching and learning experience, for both instructors and students, this text provides:

- Current Material:
- Problem Solving:
- Visualization:
- Review and Student Support:
- Triple Accuracy Checking:

**To keep your course current and relevant, the Ninth Edition includes new discussions and a new chapter.**

**A variety of problem types, at varying levels of difficulty, stress practical situations encountered in professional practice.**

**The photorealistic art program is designed to help students visualize difficult concepts.**

**A thorough end of chapter review provides students with a concise tool for reviewing chapter contents.**

**The accuracy of the text and problem solutions has been thoroughly checked by three other parties.**

**Students, if MasteringEngineering is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MasteringEngineering is not a self-paced technology and should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information.**

MasteringEngineering is not included.

MasteringEngineering is not included.

MasteringEngineering is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.

### Table of Contents

Section Title | Page | Action | Price |
---|---|---|---|

Cover | Cover | ||

Inside Front Cover\r | Cover2 | ||

Structural Analysis\r | I | ||

Copyright | II | ||

Preface | V | ||

Contents | XVI | ||

Types of Structures and Loads | 3 | ||

Introduction | 3 | ||

Classification of Structures | 4 | ||

Loads | 9 | ||

Structural Design | 28 | ||

Problems | 29 | ||

Chapter Review | 33 | ||

Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures | 35 | ||

Idealized Structure | 35 | ||

Load Path | 48 | ||

Principle of Superposition | 49 | ||

Equations of Equilibrium | 50 | ||

Determinacy and Stability | 51 | ||

Application of the Equations of Equilibrium | 58 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 68 | ||

Problems | 70 | ||

Project Problem | 79 | ||

Chapter Review | 80 | ||

Analysis of Statically Determinate Trusses | 83 | ||

Common Types of Trusses | 83 | ||

Classification of Coplanar Trusses | 89 | ||

The Method of Joints | 96 | ||

Zero-Force Members | 100 | ||

The Method of Sections | 102 | ||

Compound Trusses | 108 | ||

Complex Trusses | 112 | ||

Space Trusses | 116 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 123 | ||

Problems | 125 | ||

Project Problem | 135 | ||

Chapter Review | 136 | ||

Internal Loadings Developed in Structural Members | 139 | ||

Internal Loadings at a Specified Point | 139 | ||

Shear and Moment Functions | 145 | ||

Shear and Moment Diagrams for a Beam | 150 | ||

Shear and Moment Diagrams for a Frame | 160 | ||

Moment Diagrams Constructed by the Method of Superposition | 165 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 170 | ||

Problems | 174 | ||

Project Problems | 184 | ||

Chapter Review | 185 | ||

Cables and Arches | 187 | ||

Cables | 187 | ||

Cable Subjected to Concentrated Loads | 188 | ||

Cable Subjected to a Uniform Distributed Load | 190 | ||

Arches | 196 | ||

Three-Hinged Arch | 197 | ||

Problems | 203 | ||

Chapter Review | 209 | ||

Influence Lines for Statically Determinate Structures | 211 | ||

Influence Lines | 211 | ||

Influence Lines for Beams | 219 | ||

Qualitative Influence Lines | 222 | ||

Influence Lines for Floor Girders | 230 | ||

Influence Lines for Trusses | 234 | ||

Maximum Influence at a Point due to a Series of Concentrated Loads | 238 | ||

Absolute Maximum Shear and Moment | 248 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 253 | ||

Problems | 254 | ||

Project Problems | 265 | ||

Chapter Review | 266 | ||

Approximate Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures | 269 | ||

Use of Approximate Methods | 269 | ||

Trusses | 270 | ||

Vertical Loads on Building Frames | 274 | ||

Portal Frames and Trusses | 277 | ||

Lateral Loads on Building Frames: Portal Method | 282 | ||

Lateral Loads on Building Frames: Cantilever Method | 288 | ||

Problems | 294 | ||

Project Problem | 301 | ||

Chapter Review | 302 | ||

Deflections | 305 | ||

Deflection Diagrams and the Elastic Curve | 305 | ||

Elastic-Beam Theory | 311 | ||

The Double Integration Method | 313 | ||

Moment-Area Theorems | 320 | ||

Conjugate-Beam Method | 330 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 338 | ||

Problems | 342 | ||

Chapter Review | 346 | ||

Deflections Using Energy Methods | 349 | ||

External Work and Strain Energy | 349 | ||

Principle of Work and Energy | 353 | ||

Principle of Virtual Work | 354 | ||

Method of Virtual Work: Trusses | 356 | ||

Castigliano’s Theorem | 363 | ||

Castigliano’s Theorem for Trusses | 364 | ||

Method of Virtual Work: Beams and Frames | 370 | ||

Virtual Strain Energy Caused by AxialLoad, Shear, Torsion, and Temperature | 381 | ||

Castigliano’s Theorem for Beams and Frames | 387 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 393 | ||

Problems | 395 | ||

Chapter Review | 402 | ||

Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures by the Force Method | 405 | ||

Statically Indeterminate Structures | 405 | ||

Force Method of Analysis: General Procedure | 408 | ||

Maxwell’s Theorem of Reciprocal Displacements; Betti’s Law | 412 | ||

Force Method of Analysis: Beams | 413 | ||

Force Method of Analysis: Frames | 422 | ||

Force Method of Analysis: Trusses | 426 | ||

Composite Structures | 429 | ||

Additional Remarks on the Force Method of Analysis | 432 | ||

Symmetric Structures | 433 | ||

Influence Lines for Statically Indeterminate Beams | 435 | ||

Qualitative Influence Lines for Frames | 439 | ||

Fundamental Problems | 446 | ||

Problems | 447 | ||

Chapter Review | 458 | ||

Displacement Method of Analysis: Slope-Deflection Equations | 461 | ||

Displacement Method of Analysis: General Procedures | 461 | ||

Slope-Deflection Equations | 463 | ||

Analysis of Beams | 469 | ||

Analysis of Frames: No Sidesway | 477 | ||

Analysis of Frames: Sidesway | 477 | ||

Problems | 490 | ||

Project Problem | 495 | ||

Chapter Review | 495 | ||

Displacement Method of Analysis: Moment Distribution | 497 | ||

General Principles and Definitions | 497 | ||

Moment Distribution for Beams | 501 | ||

Stiffness-Factor Modifications | 510 | ||

Moment Distribution for Frames: No Sidesway | 516 | ||

Moment Distribution for Frames: Sidesway | 518 | ||

Problems | 526 | ||

Chapter Review | 531 | ||

Beams and Frames Having Nonprismatic Members | 533 | ||

Loading Properties of Nonprismatic Members | 533 | ||

Moment Distribution for Structures Having Nonprismatic Members | 538 | ||

Slope-Deflection Equations for Nonprismatic Members | 544 | ||

Problems | 546 | ||

Chapter Review | 547 | ||

Truss Analysis Using the Stiffness Method | 549 | ||

Fundamentals of the Stiffness Method | 549 | ||

Member Stiffness Matrix | 552 | ||

Displacement and Force Transformation Matrices | 553 | ||

Member Global Stiffness Matrix | 556 | ||

Truss Stiffness Matrix | 557 | ||

Application of the Stiffness Method for Truss Analysis | 562 | ||

Nodal Coordinates | 570 | ||

Trusses Having Thermal Changes and Fabrication Errors | 574 | ||

Space-Truss Analysis | 580 | ||

Problems | 582 | ||

Chapter Review | 583 | ||

Beam Analysis Using the Stiffness Method | 585 | ||

Preliminary Remarks | 585 | ||

Beam-Member Stiffness Matrix | 587 | ||

Beam-Structure Stiffness Matrix | 589 | ||

Application of the Stiffness Method for Beam Analysis | 589 | ||

Problems | 602 | ||

Plane Frame Analysis Using the Stiffness Method | 605 | ||

Frame-Member Stiffness Matrix | 605 | ||

Displacement and Force Transformation Matrices | 607 | ||

Frame-Member Global Stiffness Matrix | 609 | ||

Application of the Stiffness Method for Frame Analysis | 610 | ||

Problems | 619 | ||

Structural Modeling and Computer Analysis | 623 | ||

General Structural Modeling | 623 | ||

Modeling a Structure and its Members | 625 | ||

General Application of a Structural Analysis Computer Program | 630 | ||

Computer Problems | 635 | ||

Project Problems | 637 | ||

Appendix | 640 | ||

A. Matrix Algebra for Structural Analysis | 640 | ||

Fundamental Solutions | 654 | ||

Answers to Selected Problems | 680 | ||

Index | 693 |