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A History of Russia Volume 1

A History of Russia Volume 1

Walter G. Moss


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Book Details


This new edition retains the features of the first edition that made it a popular choice in universities and colleges throughout the US, Canada and around the world. Moss's accessible history includes full treatment of everyday life, the role of women, rural life, law, religion, literature and art. In addition, it provides many other features that have proven successful, including: a well-organized and clearly written text, references to varying historical perspectives, numerous illustrations and maps, fully updated bibliographies accompanying each chapter as well as a general bibliography, a glossary, and chronological and genealogical lists.

'An expertly presented and thoroughly informative narration recommended for a scholar's Russian history reference shelf, as well as accessibly informative reading for the non-specialist general reader with an interest in the historical development of Russia.' —'Midwest Book Review'

This new edition retains the features of the first edition that made it a popular choice in universities and colleges throughout the US, Canada and around the world. Moss's accessible history includes full treatment of everyday life, the role of women, rural life, law, religion, literature and art. In addition, it provides many other features that have proven successful with both professors and students, including: a well-organized and clearly written text, references to varying historical perspectives, numerous illustrations and maps that supplement and amplify the text, fully updated bibliographies accompanying each chapter as well as a general bibliography of more comprehensive works, a glossary, and chronological and genealogical lists. Moss's 'A History of Russia' will appeal to academics, students and general readers alike.

'Manages to embrace a wide range of topics while at the same time remaining accessible and interesting…Balances humorous anecdotes with provocative concepts, and discusses historiography in a clearer and more contemporary fashion than that found in Riasanovsky's 'A History of Russia', now in its sixth edition and looking a bit musty by comparison...There is little to fault with this volume.' —Andrew Gentes, Lecturer in Russian and European History, University of Queensland, in 'Australian Slavonic and East European Studies'

Walter G. Moss is Professor of History in the Department of History and Philosophy at Eastern Michigan University.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Front Matter 1
Half Title 1
Title 3
Copyright 4
Dedication 5
Table of Contents 7
List of Maps 15
Preface to the Second Edition 17
A Note to Students 21
Main Matter 35
Chapter 1: Land and Peoples: From Ancient Times to the Present 23
The Land: Physical Features, Climate, and Resources 23
Geography's Impact on Colonization and National Identity 30
The Peoples: From Ancient Times to the Present 31
Suggested Sources 33
Part One: The Rus Era 35
Chapter 2: Rus Politics 37
Varangians and the Princes 37
Slavic-Varangian Expansion and Foreign Powers 48
Suggested Sources 54
Chapter 3: Rus Society, Religion, and Culture 56
The Towns 57
Foreign and Domestic Trade 58
Rural Life 59
Class Structure and the Military 60
Women 61
Secular and Church Law 63
Religion and Culture 64
Suggested Sources 74
Chapter 4: The Rise of New Centers 76
Growing Rus Diversity and the Fate of Kiev 76
Rise of Suzdalia 79
Significance of Suzdalia 81
Galicia and Volhynia 82
Novgorod 83
Conclusion 85
Suggested Sources 86
Part Two: The Mongols and the Rise of Moscow to 1533 87
Chapter 5: The Mongol Conquest and Subjugation 89
The Mongol Empire and the Invasion of Rus 89
Mongol Rule in the Thirteenth Century 91
Mongol Rule and Russian Princes: Suzdalia and Novgorod 95
Mongols and Russian Historiography 98
Suggested Sources 99
Chapter 6: Moscow and Its Rivals, 1304-1533 101
Emergence of Moscow, 1304-1389 101
The Lithuanian Challenge 105
Moscow's Struggles and Successes, 1389-1462 107
The End of Novgorodian Independence and the Triumph of Moscow, 1462-1533 110
Evolution of Muscovy's Government 116
Causes of Moscow's Success 119
Suggested Sources 121
Chapter 7: Society, Religion, and Culture, 1240-1533 123
Mongol's Economic Impact 123
Eating and Drinking; Famines and Other Calamities 127
Rural Life and the Military 129
Class Structure and Slavery 130
Women and Family Life 132
Growth of the Law 134
Religion 135
Literature and Art 138
Suggested Sources 145
Part Three: Muscovy and Its Expansion, 1533-1689 149
Chapter 8: Ivan the Terrible: Autocrat 151
Ivan IV: Sources and Personality 151
Childhood, Coronation, and Early Domestic Policies 152
Muscovy Expansion: Successes and Failures 154
Domestic Policies, 1558-1584 159
The Legacy of Ivan IV 163
Suggested Sources 165
Chapter 9: The Time of Troubles, 1598-1613 168
Background: Russia Under Fedor (1584-1598) 168
Tsar Boris, Civil War, and Pseudo Dmitri 169
Tsar Vasili Shuisky and Renewed Civil War 173
Foreign Intervention, Continued Civil War, and the Selection of Mikhail Romanov 177
Conclusion 179
Suggested Sources 180
Chapter 10: The First Romanovs, 1613-1689 182
The Reign of Mikhail, 1613-1645 182
The Reign of Alexei, 1645-1676 184
Fedor III and Sophia, 1676-1689 192
Government and Administration, 1613-1689 195
The Continuing Development of Autocracy 197
Conquest of Siberia 200
Suggested Sources 203
Chapter 11: Economic and Social Life, 1533-1689 206
Economic Overview, Population, Urban Life, Manufacturing, and Trade 207
Drinking, Smoking, Fires, Famine, and Plagues 211
Peasants and the Establishment of Serfdom 213
Service State, Social Structure, and Slavery 214
The Military 217
Women and Family Life 218
Crimes, Punishments, and the Law 220
Suggested Sources 224
Chapter 12: Religion and Culture, 1533-1689 227
Religion 228
Popular Culture 233
Learning, Morality, and Literature 235
Architecture and Painting 239
Suggested Sources 242
Part Four: Early Imperial Russia, 1689-1855 245
Chapter 13: Peter the Great 248
Youth and Personality 248
The Ousting of Sophia and the First Decade of Peter's Reign, 1689-1699 250
The Great Northern War and Foreign Affairs, 1700-1725 253
Domestic Changes and Reforms 256
Opposition 266
Peter's Death and Legacy 269
Suggested Sources 271
Chapter 14: Three Empresses and Three Emperors: Rulers and Politics, 1725-1762 273
Catherine I and Peter II, 1725-1730 274
Anna, the Nobles, and the Crisis of 1730 275
The Reign of Anna, 1730-1740 277
Ivan VI and Elizabeth, 1740-1761 278
Diplomacy and Wars, 1725-1761 280
The Short Reign of Peter III 282
The Empire, 1725-1761 284
Suggested Sources 287
Chapter 15: The Reign of Catherine the Great 289
Catherine II: Background and the 1762 Coup 290
Domestic Policies 291
Political Opposition and Criticism 297
Foreign Policy 302
The Empire: Uniformity, Integration, and Colonization 307
Catherine's Death and Significance 310
Suggested Sources 310
Chapter 16: Eighteenth-Century Economic and Social LIfe 313
Population and Towns 313
Manufacturing and Trade 315
Villages and Housing 317
Agriculture, Nobles, and Peasants 319
Eating and Drinking; Famines and Other Calamities 323
Women and Family Life 327
Russian Law: Change and Continuity 330
Suggested Sources 333
Chapter 17: Eighteenth-Century Religion and Culture 335
Russian Orthodoxy 335
Schismatics and Sectarians 337
Philosophy, Freemasonry, and Public Life 338
Education and Scholarship 340
Language and Literature 342
Art and Music 346
The Problem of Two Cultures 349
Suggested Sources 350
Chapter 18: The Reigns of Paul and Alexander I, 1796-1825 353
Emperor Paul and His Domestic Policies 353
Alexander I and Reform, 1801-1812 356
Russian Foreign Policy, 1796-1812 360
Napoleon and Russia, 1812-1815 363
Russian Foreign Policy, 1815-1825 365
Ruling the Empire, 1796-1825 366
Domestic Policies, 1815-1825 370
Political Opposition and the Decembrists 371
Suggested Sources 376
Chapter 19: Nicholas I: Despotism, Reform, and Legitimacy, 1825-1855 378
Nicholas I: The Man and his Political Views 379
Administration and Internal Policies 380
Nicholas and the Western Nationalities 383
Public Opinion and Opposition 386
Foreign Affairs and Russian Expansion 390
The Military and the Crimean War 393
Suggested Sources 396
Chapter 20: Economic and Social Life, 1796-1855 398
Population and Towns 398
Industry and Trade 401
Nobles and Peasants 404
Eating and Drinking; Famines and Diseases 411
Women and Family Life 413
Laws, Courts, and Punishment 417
Suggested Sources 419
Chapter 21: Religion and Culture, 1796-1855 422
Religion 422
Education and Scholarship 427
Literature 431
Art and Music 436
Suggested Sources 439
Part Five: Late Imperial Russia, 1855-1917 441
Chapter 22: Alexander II, Reformism, and Radicalism 444
Alexander II: The Man and His Times 444
Emancipation of the Serfs 446
Additional Reforms 449
Autocracy and Its Opponents 453
Suggested Sources 460
Chapter 23: Reactionary Politics, Economic Modernization, and Political Opposition, 1881-1905 463
Alexander III and Pobedonostsev: The Autocrat and his Chief Adviser 463
Reactionary Policies of Alexander III 465
Policies of Economic Modernization, 1881-1903 468
Nicholas II and the Politics of Reaction, 1894-1904 471
Public Opinion and Political Opposition, 1881-1904 475
Suggested Sources 484
Chapter 24: Russian Imperial and Foreign Policy, 1856-1905 486
The Far East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Alaska, 1856-1895 487
Europe, the Poles, and Russia's Western Nationalities, 1856-1875 493
Crisis in the Balkans and the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 497
European Relations, 1881-1905 499
Nationalities, Russification, and Discrimination, 1881-1905 501
Siberia and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 507
Suggested Sources 510
Chapter 25: Revolution or Evolution? Politics and War, 1905-1917 513
The 1905 Revolution: From Bloody Sunday to the October Manifesto 513
Continuing Disorders and Duma Preparation 516
The First Two Dumas and the Appointment of Stolypin 519
Stolypin's Land Policies 522
The Third and Fourth Dumas and the Death of Stolypin 523
The Radical Opposition, 1907-1914 526
Russian Foreign Policy, 1906-1914 527
Tsarist Russia and World War I, 1914-1916 531
Conclusion 535
Suggested Sources 536
Chapter 26: Economics and Society, 1855-1917 539
Population, Towns, and Urban Society 540
Entrepreneurs and Civil Society 542
Economic Growth 545
Industrial and Urban Workers 548
Nobles and Peasants 551
Food and Drinking; Famine and Diseases 558
Women and Family Life 560
Legal Developments 564
Suggested Sources 569
Chapter 27: Religion and Culture, 1855-1917 574
Russian Orthodoxy and the State 575
The Non-Orthodoxy and Other Challenges to Traditional Orthodoxy 577
Education and Scholarship 580
Literature 583
Art and Architecture 588
Music 590
Diagilev and Artistic Cross-Fertilization 590
Popular Culture 591
Suggested Sources 595
End Matter 600
General Bibliography for Russia to 1917 600
1. Journals, Collections, and Anthologies Cited in Suggested Sources, Footnotes, and Bibliography: A List of Abbreviations 600
2. Bibliographical Works 601
3. Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Handbooks, and Statistics 602
4. Empire, Nationalities, and Peoples 603
5. Readings, Collections, Anthologies, and Documents 605
6. General Works, Histories, and Historiography 606
7. Foreign Policy and International Relations 609
8. Culture, Religion, Science, and Education 610
9. Electronic Sources 613
Appendix A: Chronology 614
Appendix B: Rus/Russian Rulers 622
Appendix C: Glossary 625
Index 629