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Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-PN® Examination - E-Book

Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-PN® Examination - E-Book

Linda Anne Silvestri


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Book Details


Get everything you need to review for the NCLEX-PN® exam from one trusted source! With over 4,500 high-quality review questions, this unique, bestselling review and preparation guide offers the perfect combination of core content review, comprehensive rationales, and detailed test-taking strategies from the NCLEX expert herself: Linda Silvestri. Updated to reflect the latest NCLEX-PN test plan, this new edition and companion Evolve website help you hone your understanding of all the important NCLEX-PN content areas.

  • Full-color design makes for a more visually engaging learning experience.
  • 12 pharmacology chapters address the emphasis on pharmacology questions on the NCLEX-PN exam.
  • Priority Nursing Actions boxes outline and explain clinical emergent situations requiring immediate action, including detailed rationales and textbook references to help you strengthen prioritizing skills in clinical and testing situations.
  • Pyramid Alert boxes reinforce learning of essential content frequently tested on the NCLEX-PN exam.
  • Reference to a Mosby or Saunders textbook gives you resources for further study and self-remediation.
  • Question codes categorize each question by cognitive level, client needs area, integrated process, clinical content area, and priority concepts to allow you multiple study and exam selections on the companion Evolve site.
  • Inclusion of all alternate item formats (multiple response, ordered response, fill-in-the-blank, figure, chart/exhibit, audio, and video questions) offers practice with mastering prioritizing, decision-making, and critical thinking skills, and help prepare you for this additional component of the new test plan for NCLEX-PN.
  • Pyramid to Success sections supply an overview of the chapter, guidance and direction regarding the focus of review in the content area, and its relative importance to the most recent NCLEX-PN text plan.
  • Pyramid Points identify content that typically appears on the NCLEX-PN exam.
  • Pyramid Terms give you a quick review of each content area.
  • Introductory chapters on preparation guidance for the NCLEX-PN, nonacademic preparation, test-taking strategies, the CAT format, and the NCLEX-PN are presented from a new graduate’s perspective.
  • Companion Evolve site allows for automatic software updates to allow you to check for changes and updates to content or functionality throughout the life of the edition.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Front Cover Cover
Inside Front Cover ES2
Saunder Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-PN Examination iii
Copyright iv
Dedication v
About the Author vii
Contributors ix
Reviewers xi
Preface xiii
An Essential Resource for Test Success xiii
Organization xiii
Special Features of the Book xiii
Pyramid Terms xiii
Pyramid to Success xiii
Pyramid Points xiii
Pyramid Alerts xiii
Priority Nursing Actions xiii
Critical Thinking: What Should You Do? Questions xiii
Special Features Found on Evolve xiv
Pretest and Study Calendar xiv
Heart, Lung, and Bowel Sound Questions xiv
Video Questions xiv
Testlet Questions xiv
Audio Review Summaries xiv
Practice Questions xiv
Multiple-Choice and Alternate Item Format Questions xiv
Answer Section xiv
Pharmacology and Medication Calculations Review xv
How to Use This Book xv
Using the Companion Evolve Site xvi
Acknowledgments xvii
Contents xix
Unit I: NCLEX-PN® Exam Preparation 1
Chapter 1: The NCLEX-PN® Examination 2
The Pyramid to Success 2
Welcome to the Pyramid to Success 2
HESI/Saunders Online Review for the NCLEX-PN® Examination 2
Saunders Strategies for Test Success: Passing Nursing School and the NCLEX® Exam 2
Saunders Q&A Review Cards for the NCLEX-PN® Exam 3
The Examination Process 3
Computer Adaptive Testing 3
Development of the Test Plan 3
Test Plan 4
Level of Cognitive Ability 4
Client Needs 4
Safe and Effective Care Environment 4
Health Promotion and Maintenance 4
Psychosocial Integrity 4
Physiological Integrity 5
Integrated Processes 6
Types of Questions on the Examination 7
Multiple-Choice Questions 7
Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 7
Multiple-Response Questions 7
Ordered Response Questions 8
Figure Questions 8
Chart/Exhibit Questions 8
Graphic Option Questions 9
Audio Questions 9
Video Questions 9
Registering to Take the Examination 10
Authorization to Test Form and Scheduling an Appointment 11
Changing Your Appointment 11
Day of the Examination 11
Special Testing Circumstances 12
Testing Center 12
Testing Time 12
Length of the Examination 12
Pass-or-Fail Decisions 12
Completing the Examination 13
Processing Results 13
Candidate Performance Report 13
Interstate Endorsement 13
Nurse Licensure Compact 13
Additional Information About the Examination 13
Chapter 2: NCLEX-PN ® Preparation for Foreign-Educated Nurses 14
National Council of State Boards of Nursing 14
State Requirements for Licensure 14
Credentialing Agencies 14
General Licensure Requirements 15
Work Visa 15
VisaScreen 15
Registering to Take the NCLEX Exam 16
Preparing to Take the NCLEX Exam 16
Chapter 3: Pathways to Success 18
Pyramid to Success 18
Pathways to Success ( Box 3-1) 18
The Foundation 18
The List 18
The Plan for Preparation 18
Positive Pampering 20
Final Preparation 20
The Day of the Exam ( Box 3-3) 20
This Is Not a Test 21
Answer: 1, 2, 3, 4 21
Unit: II Issues in Nursing 33
Pyramid to Success 34
Client Needs 34
Safe and Effective Care Environment 34
Health Promotion and Maintenance 34
Psychosocial Integrity 34
Physiological Integrity 34
Chapter 6: Cultural Awareness and Health Practices 35
Chapter 7: Ethical and Legal Issues 46
Chapter 8: Prioritizing Client Care: Leadership, Delegation, and Disaster Planning 60
Unit III: Nursing Sciences 74
Pyramid to Success 75
Client Needs 76
Safe and Effective Care Environment 76
Health Promotion and Maintenance 76
Psychosocial Integrity 76
Physiological Integrity 76
Chapter 9: Fluids and Electrolytes 77
Chapter 10: Acid–Base Balance 91
Chapter 11: Laboratory Values 100
Chapter 12: Nutritional Components of Care 114
Chapter 13: Intravenous Therapy and Blood Administration 126
Unit IV: Fundamental Skills 140
Pyramid to Success 141
Client Needs 141
Safe and Effective Care Environment 141
Health Promotion and Maintenance 141
Psychosocial Integrity 142
Physiological Integrity 142
Chapter 14: Hygiene and Safety 143
Chapter 15: Medication and Intravenous Administration 153
Chapter 16: Basic Life Support 163
Chapter 17: Perioperative Nursing Care 171
Chapter 18: Positioning Clients 184
Chapter 19: Care of a Client with a Tube 193
Unit V: Growth and Development Across the Life Span 209
Pyramid to Success 209
Client Needs 210
Safe and Effective Care Environment 210
Health Promotion and Maintenance 210
Psychosocial Integrity 210
Physiological Integrity 210
Chapter 20: Theories of Growth and Development 211
Chapter 21: Developmental Stages 219
Chapter 22: Care of the Older Client 233
Chapter 23: Health and Physical Assessment of the Adult Client 240
Unit VI: Maternity Nursing 260
Pyramid to Success 260
Client Needs 261
Safe and Effective Care Environment 261
Health Promotion and Maintenance 261
Psychosocial Integrity 261
Physiological Integrity 261
Chapter 24: Reproductive System 262
Chapter 25: Obstetrical Assessment 270
Chapter 26: Prenatal Period and Risk Conditions 276
Chapter 27: Labor and Delivery and Associated Complications 302
Chapter 28: The Postpartum Period and Associated Complications 320
Chapter 29: Care of the Newborn 332
Chapter 30: Maternity and Newborn Medications 352
Unit VII: Pediatric Nursing 362
Pyramid to Success 362
Client Needs 362
Safe and Effective Care Environment 362
Health Promotion and Maintenance 363
Psychosocial Integrity 363
Physiological Integrity 363
Chapter 31: Integumentary Disorders 364
Chapter 32: Hematological and Oncological Disorders 370
Chapter 33: Metabolic, Endocrine, and Gastrointestinal Disorders 383
Chapter 34: Eye, Ear, Throat, and Respiratory Disorders 406
Chapter 35: Cardiovascular Disorders 425
Chapter 36: Renal and Urinary Disorders 436
Chapter 37: Neurological, Cognitive, and Psychosocial Disorders 444
Chapter 38: Musculoskeletal Disorders 455
Chapter 39: Communicable Diseases and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome 464
Chapter 40: Pediatric Medication Administration and Calculations 476
Unit VIII: The Adult Client with an Integumentary Disorder 482
Pyramid to Success 482
Client Needs 482
Safe and Effective Care Environment 482
Health Promotion and Maintenance 482
Psychosocial Integrity 482
Physiological Integrity 483
Chapter 41: Integumentary System 484
Chapter 42: Integumentary Medications 505
Unit IX: Hematological and Oncological Disorders of the Adult Client 514
Pyramid to Success 514
Client Needs 514
Safe and Effective Care Environment 514
Health Promotion and Maintenance 514
Psychosocial Integrity 515
Physiological Integrity 515
Chapter 43: Hematological and Oncological Disorders 516
Chapter 44: Antineoplastic Medications 544
Unit X: The Adult Client with an Endocrine Disorder 553
Pyramid to Success 554
Client Needs 554
Safe and Effective Care Environment 554
Health Promotion and Maintenance 554
Psychosocial Integrity 554
Physiological Integrity 554
Chapter 45: Endocrine System 555
Chapter 46: Endocrine Medications 577
Unit XI: The Adult Client with a Gastrointestinal Disorder 591
Pyramid to Success 592
Client Needs 592
Safe and Effective Care Environment 592
Health Promotion and Maintenance 592
Psychosocial Integrity 592
Physiological Integrity 592
Chapter 47: Gastrointestinal System 593
Chapter 48: Gastrointestinal Medications 617
Unit XII: The Adult Client with a Respiratory Disorder 626
Pyramid to Success 626
Client Needs 626
Safe and Effective Care Environment 626
Health Promotion and Maintenance 627
Psychosocial Integrity 627
Physiological Integrity 627
Chapter 49: Respiratory System 628
Chapter 50: Respiratory Medications 651
Unit XIII: The Adult Client with a Cardiovascular Disorder 667
Pyramid to Success 667
Client Needs 667
Safe and Effective Care Environment 667
Health Promotion and Maintenance 668
Psychosocial Integrity 668
Physiological Integrity 668
Chapter 51: Cardiovascular Disorders 669
Chapter 52: Cardiovascular Medications 705
Unit XIV: The Adult Client with a Renal Disorder 720
Pyramid to Success 720
Client Needs 720
Safe and Effective Care Environment 720
Health Promotion and Maintenance 721
Psychosocial Integrity 721
Physiological Integrity 721
Chapter 53: Renal System 722
Chapter 54: Renal Medications 754
Unit XV: The Adult Client with an Eye or Ear Disorder 763
Pyramid to Success 763
Client Needs 763
Safe and Effective Care Environment 763
Health Promotion and Maintenance 764
Psychosocial Integrity 764
Physiological Integrity 764
Chapter 55: The Eye and the Ear 765
Chapter 56: Ophthalmic and Otic Medications 785
Unit XVI: The Adult Client with a Neurological Disorder 796
Pyramid to Success 796
Client Needs 796
Safe and Effective Care Environment 796
Health Promotion and Maintenance 797
Psychosocial Integrity 797
Physiological Integrity 797
Chapter 57: Neurological System 798
Chapter 58: Neurological Medications 826
Unit XVII: The Adult Client with a Musculoskeletal Disorder 838
Pyramid to Success 838
Client Needs 838
Safe and Effective Care Environment 838
Health Promotion and Maintenance 838
Psychosocial Integrity 838
Physiological Integrity 839
Chapter 59: Musculoskeletal System 840
Chapter 60: Musculoskeletal Medications 860
Unit XVIII: The Adult Client with an Immune Disorder 868
Pyramid to Success 868
Client Needs 868
Safe and Effective Care Environment 868
Health Promotion and Maintenance 868
Psychosocial Integrity 868
Physiological Integrity 869
Chapter 61: Immune Disorders 870
Chapter 62: Immunological Medications 883
Unit XIX: The Adult Client with a Mental Health Disorder 892
Pyramid to Success 892
Client Needs 892
Safe and Effective Care Environment 892
Health Promotion and Maintenance 892
Psychosocial Integrity 893
Physiological Integrity 893
Chapter 63: Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 894
Chapter 64: Mental Health Disorders 906
Chapter 65: Addictions 926
Chapter 66: Crisis Theory and Intervention 938
Chapter 67: Psychiatric Medications 951
Unit XX: Comprehensive Test 963
Comprehensive Test 964
Index 989
References 988