BOOK

## Neuroradiology: Key Differential Diagnoses and Clinical Questions E-Book

**Juan E. Small** |
** Pamela W. Schaefer**

(2012)

### Additional Information

#### Book Details

### Abstract

** Neuroradiology: Key Differential Diagnoses and Clinical Questions** equips you to

**make efficient, accurate diagnoses**and

**prepare for imaging exams**with hundreds of high-quality, unknown cases in neuroradiology. Drs. Juan Small and Pamela Schaefer draw upon

**Massachusetts General Hospitalâ€™s**vast case collection

**to help you master the skills you need for interpreting imaging of the head, neck, brain, and spine.**

**Consult this title on your favorite e-reader**with intuitive search tools and adjustable font sizes.**Elsevier eBooks**provide instant portable access to your entire library, no matter what device you're using or where you're located.**Apply systematic pattern analysis techniques**to distinguish similar-looking pathological entities from one another.**Avoid diagnostic pitfalls**by recognizing significant variations in the clinical presentation of various diseases.**See how diagnostic ambiguities are resolved**by viewing corresponding gross pathologic and histologic images.**Benefit from the volume and exceptional quality**of Massachusetts General Hospitalâ€™s patient case load.

### Table of Contents

Section Title | Page | Action | Price |
---|---|---|---|

Front Cover | Cover | ||

IFC | IFC | ||

Neuroradiology: Key Differential Diagnoses and Clinical Questions \r | iii | ||

Copyright\r | iv | ||

Dedication\r | v | ||

Section Editors\r | vi | ||

Contributors\r | vii | ||

Preface\r | ix | ||

Acknowledgments\r | xi | ||

How to Use this Book\r | xii | ||

Contents\r | xiii | ||

Part 1\rBrain and Coverings | 1 | ||

Chapter 1 - Computed Tomography Hyperdense Lesions\r | 3 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 5 | ||

DESCRIPTION OF FINDINGS | 5 | ||

SUMMARY | 5 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 6 | ||

PEARLS | 6 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 7 | ||

Chapter \r2 - T1 Hyperintense Lesions | 9 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 11 | ||

SUMMARY | 11 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 12 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 12 | ||

PEARLS | 13 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 13 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 13 | ||

Chapter\r3 - Multiple Susceptibility Artifact Lesions | 15 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 18 | ||

SUMMARY | 18 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 19 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 19 | ||

PEARLS | 19 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 19 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 19 | ||

Chapter\r4 - Ring-Enhancing Lesions | 21 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 24 | ||

SUMMARY | 24 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 25 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 25 | ||

PEARLS | 25 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 26 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 26 | ||

Chapter\r5 - Leptomeningeal Enhancement | 27 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 29 | ||

SUMMARY | 29 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 29 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 29 | ||

PEARLS | 30 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 30 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 30 | ||

Chapter\r6 - Dural Enhancement | 31 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 33 | ||

SUMMARY | 33 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 34 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 34 | ||

PEARLS | 35 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 35 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 35 | ||

Chapter\r7 - Lesions Containing Fat | 37 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 39 | ||

SUMMARY | 39 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 40 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 40 | ||

PEARLS | 41 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 42 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 43 | ||

Chapter\r8 - Extraaxial Lesions | 45 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 47 | ||

SUMMARY | 47 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 50 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF AN ENHANCING DURAL-BASED MASS | 50 | ||

PEARLS | 50 | ||

COMPLICATIONS | 50 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 51 | ||

Chapter\r9 - Bilateral Central Gray Matter Abnormality | 53 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 57 | ||

SUMMARY | 57 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 61 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 62 | ||

PEARLS | 62 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 62 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 62 | ||

Chapter\r10 - Temporal Lobe Lesions | 63 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 65 | ||

SUMMARY | 65 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 66 | ||

PEARLS | 66 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 66 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 66 | ||

Chapter\r11 - Temporal Lobe Cystic Lesions | 67 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 69 | ||

SUMMARY | 69 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 70 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 70 | ||

PEARLS | 70 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 72 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 72 | ||

Chapter 12 - Cerebellopontine Angle\rCisterns | 73 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 75 | ||

SUMMARY | 75 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 77 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 77 | ||

PEARLS | 77 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 79 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 79 | ||

Chapter\r13 - Lateral Ventricular Lesions | 81 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 83 | ||

SUMMARY | 83 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 83 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 84 | ||

PEARLS | 84 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 85 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 85 | ||

Chapter\r14 - Third Ventricular Lesions | 87 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 89 | ||

SUMMARY | 89 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 89 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 90 | ||

PEARLS | 90 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 90 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 91 | ||

Chapter\r15 - Fourth Ventricular Lesions | 93 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 95 | ||

SUMMARY | 95 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 95 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 96 | ||

PEARLS | 96 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 96 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 97 | ||

Chapter\r16 - Suprasellar Cystic Lesions | 99 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 101 | ||

SUMMARY | 101 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 102 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 102 | ||

PEARLS | 103 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 103 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 105 | ||

Chapter\r17 - Pineal Region | 107 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 109 | ||

SUMMARY | 109 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 110 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 110 | ||

PEARLS | 110 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 111 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 111 | ||

Chapter\r18 - Cranial Nerve Lesions | 113 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 115 | ||

SUMMARY | 115 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 116 | ||

PEARLS | 116 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 116 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 116 | ||

Chapter\r19 - Lytic Skull Lesions | 119 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 121 | ||

SUMMARY | 121 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 121 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 122 | ||

PEARLS | 122 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 122 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 123 | ||

Chapter\r20 - Skull Fracture Versus Sutures | 125 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 127 | ||

SUMMARY | 127 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 127 | ||

PEARLS | 127 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 127 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 128 | ||

Chapter\r21 - Clivus Lesions | 129 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 131 | ||

SUMMARY | 131 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 132 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 132 | ||

PEARLS | 132 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 132 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 133 | ||

Chapter\r22 - Hyperdense Cerebellum | 135 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 137 | ||

SUMMARY | 137 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 138 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 138 | ||

PEARLS | 139 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 139 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 139 | ||

Chapter\r23 - T2 Hyperintense Pontine Abnormalities | 141 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 143 | ||

SUMMARY | 143 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 144 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 145 | ||

PEARLS | 145 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 146 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 146 | ||

Chapter\r24 - Cerebral Cortical Neurodegeneration | 147 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 150 | ||

SUMMARY | 150 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 151 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 153 | ||

PEARLS | 153 | ||

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS | 154 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 154 | ||

Chapter\r25 - Cerebral Subcortical Neurodegeneration | 155 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 157 | ||

SUMMARY | 157 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 158 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 160 | ||

PEARLS | 160 | ||

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS | 161 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 161 | ||

Chapter\r26 - Epidermoid Versus Arachnoid Cyst | 163 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 164 | ||

SUMMARY | 164 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 164 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 164 | ||

PEARLS | 164 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 165 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 166 | ||

Chapter\r27 - Cyst with a Mural Nodule | 167 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 168 | ||

SUMMARY | 168 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 168 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 169 | ||

PEARLS | 169 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 169 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 169 | ||

Chapter\r28 - Ecchordosis Physaliphora Versus Chordoma | 171 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 173 | ||

SUMMARY | 173 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 174 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 174 | ||

PEARLS | 174 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 175 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 175 | ||

Part 2\rSpine | 177 | ||

Chapter\r29 - Atlantooccipital andÂ ÂAtlantoaxial Separation | 179 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 180 | ||

BACKGROUND SUMMARY | 180 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 180 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 180 | ||

COMPLICATIONS AND TREATMENT | 180 | ||

PEARLS | 180 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 185 | ||

Chapter\r30 - Basilar Invagination and Platybasia | 187 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 188 | ||

BACKGROUND SUMMARY | 188 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 190 | ||

COMPLICATIONS AND TREATMENT | 190 | ||

PEARLS | 193 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 194 | ||

Chapter\r31 - Enhancing Intramedullary Spinal Cord Lesions | 195 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 198 | ||

SUMMARY | 198 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 202 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 202 | ||

PEARLS | 202 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 204 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 204 | ||

Chapter\r32 - Enhancing Intramedullary Conus Lesions | 207 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 209 | ||

SUMMARY | 209 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 209 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 209 | ||

PEARLS | 209 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 210 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 210 | ||

Chapter\r33 - Solitary Enhancing Intradural, Extramedullary Lesions | 211 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 213 | ||

SUMMARY | 213 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 214 | ||

PEARLS | 214 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 217 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 217 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 217 | ||

Chapter\r34 - Multiple Enhancing Intradur al, Extramedullary Lesions | 219 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 221 | ||

SUMMARY | 221 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 222 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 222 | ||

PEARLS | 222 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 222 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 223 | ||

Chapter\r35 - Cystic Intradural Extramedullary Lesions | 225 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 228 | ||

SUMMARY | 228 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 229 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 230 | ||

PEARLS | 230 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 232 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 232 | ||

Chapter\r36 - Nerve Root Enlargement | 233 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 235 | ||

SUMMARY | 235 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 236 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 236 | ||

PEARLS | 236 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 236 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 237 | ||

Chapter\r37 - Posterior Element Lesions | 239 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 241 | ||

SUMMARY | 241 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 242 | ||

PEARLS | 242 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 242 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 242 | ||

Chapter\r38 - Sacral Masses | 243 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 244 | ||

SUMMARY | 244 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 245 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 245 | ||

PEARLS | 246 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 246 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 247 | ||

Chapter\r39 - Disk Infection Versus Inflammatory/Degenerative Changes | 249 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 251 | ||

SUMMARY | 251 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 251 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 252 | ||

PEARLS | 252 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 252 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 252 | ||

Chapter\r40 - Vertebral Compression Fractures | 253 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 255 | ||

SUMMARY | 255 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 256 | ||

PEARLS | 256 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 256 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 256 | ||

Part 3\rHead and Neck | 257 | ||

Chapter\r41 - Periauricular Cystic Lesions | 259 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 261 | ||

SUMMARY | 261 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 262 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 263 | ||

PEARLS | 267 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 268 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 268 | ||

Chapter\r42 - Cystic Lateral Neck Masses | 269 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 271 | ||

SUMMARY | 271 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 273 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 274 | ||

PEARLS | 274 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 274 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 275 | ||

Chapter\r43 - Infrahyoid Neck Cystic Lesions | 277 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 278 | ||

SUMMARY | 278 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 280 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 280 | ||

PEARLS | 281 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 282 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 283 | ||

Chapter\r44 - Prestyloid Parapharyngeal Space | 285 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 286 | ||

SUMMARY | 286 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 286 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 286 | ||

PEARLS | 286 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 287 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 287 | ||

Chapter\r45 - Poststyloid Parapharyngeal Space | 289 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 290 | ||

SUMMARY | 290 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 290 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 290 | ||

PEARLS | 290 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 291 | ||

Chapter\r46 - Floor of Mouth | 293 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 294 | ||

SUMMARY | 294 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 295 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 295 | ||

PEARLS | 295 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 295 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 295 | ||

Chapter\r47 - Thyroglossal Duct Abnormalities | 297 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 298 | ||

SUMMARY | 298 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 299 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 300 | ||

PEARLS | 300 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 300 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 300 | ||

Chapter\r48 - Anterior Skull Base Masses | 301 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 303 | ||

SUMMARY | 303 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 305 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 306 | ||

PEARLS | 306 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 307 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 307 | ||

Chapter\r49 - Petrous Apex | 309 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 312 | ||

SUMMARY | 312 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 312 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 313 | ||

PEARLS | 314 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 314 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 314 | ||

Chapter\r50 - External Auditory Canal | 315 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 317 | ||

SUMMARY | 317 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 317 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 319 | ||

PEARLS | 319 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 319 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 319 | ||

Chapter\r51 - Middle Ear | 321 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 322 | ||

SUMMARY | 322 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 323 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 323 | ||

PEARLS | 323 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 324 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 324 | ||

Chapter\r52 - Lesions of the Facial Nerve | 325 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 326 | ||

SUMMARY | 326 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 327 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 327 | ||

PEARLS | 327 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 328 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 328 | ||

Chapter\r53 - Lytic/Cystic Mandibular Lesions | 329 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 331 | ||

SUMMARY | 331 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 331 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 332 | ||

PEARLS | 332 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 332 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 332 | ||

Chapter\r54 - Jugular Foramen Lesions | 333 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 335 | ||

SUMMARY | 335 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 336 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 336 | ||

PEARLS | 336 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 337 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 337 | ||

Chapter\r55 - Optic Nerve Mass | 339 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 341 | ||

SUMMARY | 341 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 341 | ||

PEARLS | 342 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 342 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 342 | ||

Chapter\r56 - Dilated Superior Ophthalmic Vein/Asymmetric Cavernous Sinus Enhancement | 343 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 344 | ||

SUMMARY | 344 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 345 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 345 | ||

PEARLS | 346 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 346 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 346 | ||

Chapter\r57 - Lacrimal Gland | 347 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 349 | ||

SUMMARY | 349 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 351 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 351 | ||

PEARLS | 351 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 352 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 352 | ||

Chapter\r58 - Nasal Cavity Lesions | 353 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 355 | ||

SUMMARY | 355 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 355 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 356 | ||

PEARLS | 356 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 357 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 357 | ||

Chapter\r59 - Solitary Parotid Masses | 359 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 360 | ||

SUMMARY | 360 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 360 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 361 | ||

PEARLS | 361 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 361 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 361 | ||

Chapter\r60 - Bilateral Parotid Masses | 363 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 365 | ||

SUMMARY | 365 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 366 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 366 | ||

PEARLS | 367 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 367 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 367 | ||

Chapter\r61 - Retropharyngeal Space | 369 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 372 | ||

SUMMARY | 372 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 374 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 375 | ||

PEARLS | 375 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 377 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 378 | ||

Part 4\rPediatric Neuroradiology | 379 | ||

Chapter\r62 - Intraventricular Posterior Fossa Tumors | 381 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 383 | ||

SUMMARY | 383 | ||

PEARLS | 384 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 384 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 384 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 384 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 384 | ||

Chapter\r63 - Pediatric Cerebellar Tumors | 385 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 387 | ||

SUMMARY | 387 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 388 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 388 | ||

PEARLS | 388 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 388 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 388 | ||

Chapter\r64 - Pediatric Extraaxial Posterior Fossa Tumors | 389 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 391 | ||

SUMMARY | 391 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 392 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 392 | ||

PEARLS | 392 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 392 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 392 | ||

Chapter\r65 - Midline Posterior Fossa Extraaxial Cystic Lesions | 393 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 395 | ||

SUMMARY | 395 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 396 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 396 | ||

PEARLS | 397 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 397 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 397 | ||

Chapter\r66 - Occipital Cephalocele | 399 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 400 | ||

SUMMARY | 400 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 401 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 401 | ||

PEARLS | 401 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 402 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 402 | ||

Chapter\r67 - Holoprosencephaly | 403 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 405 | ||

SUMMARY | 405 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 406 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 407 | ||

PEARLS | 407 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 409 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 409 | ||

Chapter\r68 - Leukodystrophies | 411 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 413 | ||

SUMMARY | 413 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 414 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES | 414 | ||

PEARLS | 414 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 415 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 415 | ||

Chapter\r69 - Congenital Arterial Anastomosis | 417 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 418 | ||

SUMMARY | 418 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 419 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 419 | ||

PEARLS | 419 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 420 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 420 | ||

Chapter\r70 - Odontoid: Acute Versus Chronic | 421 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 423 | ||

SUMMARY | 423 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 424 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 424 | ||

PEARLS | 424 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 424 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 424 | ||

Chapter\r71 - Pediatric Nasofrontal Mass | 425 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 426 | ||

SUMMARY | 426 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 427 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 427 | ||

PEARLS | 428 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 428 | ||

Chapter\r72 - Pediatric Globe Lesions | 429 | ||

DIAGNOSIS | 430 | ||

SUMMARY | 430 | ||

SPECTRUM OF DISEASE | 430 | ||

DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS | 432 | ||

PEARLS | 432 | ||

SIGNS AND COMPLICATIONS | 432 | ||

SUGGESTED READINGS | 433 | ||

INDEX | 435 | ||

ABBREVIATIONS | IBC |