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Equine Emergencies E-Book

Equine Emergencies E-Book

James A. Orsini | Thomas J. Divers


Additional Information

Book Details


Ideal for use in the clinic and in the field, Equine Emergencies: Treatment and Procedures, 4th Edition, offers practical step-by-step guidelines for effectively managing a wide range of emergency situations. Thoroughly updated content keeps you informed of the latest advances in horse care in a portable, convenient format.

  • Essential examination, diagnostic, and treatment information for each body system is presented in a logical format so you can quickly find answers during equine emergencies.
  • What to Do and What Not to Do boxes guide you through the step-by-step treatment of an emergency and draw your attention to important steps to take and those to avoid.
  • High-quality photographs and illustrations visually clarify key concepts and guide you through procedures step by step.
  • NEW! Chapter covering bacterial and viral diseases arms you with critical information on diagnostic labs, collection, submission, and interpretation.
  • NEW! Chapter on emergency diagnostic procedures keeps you up-to-date on all the tests needed to determine the most effective treatment.
  • NEW! Chapter on gene testing provides information on which gene tests and labs should be performed.
  • NEW! Chapter on biopsy techniques highlights the different instruments available, endoscopic and laparoscopic techniques, as well as how to perform a pleuritis examination.
  • NEW! Chapter on laboratory submission offers the latest information on tests, laboratory charts, guidelines for making an appropriate submission, and blood drawing.
  • NEW! Chapters on feeding and starvation and flood injury supply the latest guidelines for nutrition, disaster medicine, and snake bites/envenomation.

Table of Contents

Section Title Page Action Price
Front cover cover
Companion Website Ad IFC2
Equine Emergencies, 4/e i
Copyright page ii
Contributors iii
Dedication ix
Preface x
Acknowledgments xi
Table of Contents xii
I Emergency Procedures and Diagnostics 1
I Important Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures for Emergency Care 2
1 Blood Collection 2
Venipuncture of the External Jugular Vein 2
II Emergency Examination and Management of Organ Systems 117
I Body and Organ Systems 118
16 Blood Coagulation Disorders 118
Hypercoagulation: Thrombophilia and Thrombosis 118
Hypocoagulation: Bleeding Disorder and Diathesis Tendencies 119
Clinical Signs of Hemorrhage and Thrombosis 119
Laboratory Assessment of Coagulation 119
Blood Clotting Disorders 121
Thrombocytopenia 121
Clinical Presentation 121
Clotting Factor Deficiencies 121
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) 122
Therapeutic Intervention of Hemostasis and Anticoagulation 122
References 123
17 Cardiovascular System 124
Physical Examination 124
Auscultation of the Heart 124
Other Aspects of the Physical Examination 124
Electrocardiogram 124
Echocardiogram 125
Arrhythmias 125
Bradyarrhythmias 126
Complete (Third-Degree) Atrioventricular Block 126
Auscultation 126
Electrocardiogram 126
Advanced (Second-Degree) Atrioventricular Block 129
III Toxicology 579
34 Toxicology 580
Problem 580
Presentation 580
General Decontamination Procedures 582
Toxicants Predominantly Affecting the Gastrointestinal Tract 582
Amitraz 582
Mechanism of Toxic Action 582
IV Special Problem Emergencies 607
I Special Problems 608
35 Burns, Acute Soft Tissue Swellings, Pigeon Fever, and Fasciotomy 608
Thermal Injury Burns 608
History and Physical Examination 608
Clinical Signs 608
Laboratory Findings 609
Classification of Burns 609
First-Degree (Superficial) Burns 609
Second-Degree (Partial-Thickness) Burns 609
Superficial Second-Degree Burns 609
Deep Second-Degree Burns 610
Third-Degree (Full-Thickness) Burns 610
Fourth-Degree Burns 611
Burn Shock: Life-Threatening 612
Chemical Burns 613
Smoke Inhalation 613
Corneal Ulceration and Eyelid Burns 614
Nutrition 614
Complications 614
Wound Infection 614
Pruritic Wounds 614
Other Short-Term Complications 614
Acute Swelling: Edema 614
Acute Onset of Edema in All Four Limbs of More Than One Horse 615
Appendices 797
Appendix 1 Reference Values 798
Reference Values for Selected* Blood Chemistries in Adults 798
Age-Related Changes in Serum Electrolyte Concentrations in Foals (Mean ± 2 SD) 798
Age-Related Changes in Serum Iron and Related Parameters in Foals 798
Age-Related Changes in Erythrocyte Values in Foals 799
Age-Related Changes in Normal Hematologic Values in Foals 799
Age-Related Changes in Serum Enzyme Activities in Foals 800
Age-Related Changes in Leukocyte Counts in Foals 800
Age-Related Changes in Serum Protein Values in Foals 801
Age-Related Changes in Serum Basal Cortisol and Serum Basal ACTH in Foals 801
Age-Related Changes in Serum Chemistry Concentrations: Small Organic Molecules in Foals 802
Summary of Important Age-Related Changes in Complete Blood Cell Count and Chemistries 802
Arterial Blood Gas Parameters in Young and Old Horses 803
Arterial Blood Gas Parameters in Foals at Sea Level and 1500-Meter Altitude 803
Appendix 2 Calculations in Emergency Care 804
A-a Gradient 804
Albumin Deficit 804
Anion Gap 804
Base Deficit 804
Blood Transfusion 804
Body Weight 804
Carbonic Anhydrase Equation 804
Cardiac Output 804
Cardioversion 804
Cerebral Perfusion Pressure 804
Colloid Osmotic Pressure 804
Continuous Rate Infusion 805
Crystalloid Fluid Rate Calculation 805
Dead Space Ventilation Fraction 805
Dehydration Correction 805
Extracellular Fluid Volume 805
Fick Equation 805
Fractional Excretion of Quantity “X” 805
Global Oxygen Delivery 805
Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation 805
Intracellular Fluid Volume 805
K+Max 805
Mean Arterial Pressure 805
Milliequivalents 805
Molality 806
Molarity 806
Oxygen Consumption 806
Oxygen Content (Arterial) 806
Oxygen Extraction Ratio 806
Oxygen Index (Arterial) 806
Percent Solution 806
Plasma Osmolality 806
Plasma Volume 806
Poiseuille’s Law of Flow 806
Resting Energy Requirement 806
Shunt Fraction 806
Sodium Correction Rate 806
Starling Equation 806
Strong Ion Difference—Stewart 806
Systemic Vascular Resistance 806
Tissue Oxygen Consumption 807
Total Body Water 807
Water Deficit* 807
Appendix 3 Equivalents 808
Needle and Catheter Reference Chart 808
Physical Equivalents 809
Weight Equivalents 809
Volume Equivalents 809
Pressure Equivalents 809
Temperature Conversion 809
Weight-Unit Conversion Factors 809
Conversion Factors 809
Length-Unit Conversion Factors 810
Conversion of Grams to Milliequivalents of Common Substances* 811
Appendix 4 Adverse Drug Reactions, Air Emboli, and Lightning Strike 812
Important Adverse Drug Reference Information 812
Intracarotid Injections 812
Water-Soluble Drugs—Intracarotid Administration 812
Index 861
A 861
B 864
C 866
D 869
E 871
F 873
G 875
H 876
I 878
J 880
K 880
L 880
M 881
N 883
O 885
P 885
Q 889
R 889
S 891
T 894
U 896
V 897
W 898
X 898
Y 898
Z 898
Emergency Drug Charts* IBC6
Foal IBC6
Adult IBC6
Emergency Information* IBC7
General Resources IBC7
Veterinarian and Veterinary Technician Resources IBC7
Horse Owners Resources IBC7